My HONDA XL 600 V TRANSALP
Specifications and performances

by Josep M.


Contents:



Engine and frame numbers vs. year and country:
 
Years/Type
1987-89
H,J,K
1990-1993
L,M,N,P
1994
R
1996
T
1997
V
1998-99
W,X

Color codes:
 

Years/Type
1987-94
1996
1997-99




 
Performances  (according to SoloMoto mag)
Max. speed 176 km/h as speedo says 175 km/h
Acceleration . .
0-100 m 5.3 s 108.6 km/h
0-200 m 8.3 s 131.8 km/h
0-400 m 13.2 s 153.5 km/h
0-1000 m 26.4 s 170.3 km/h
0-400 m from 50 km/h 14.2 s 141 km/h
0-1000 m from 50 km/h 28.2 s 161 km/h
0-100 km/h 4.5 s 78 m
0-150 km/h 12.5 s 368 m
50 to 100 km/h (in 3rd)  3.6 s 76 m
100 to 150 km/h (in 5th)  7.8 s 278 m



 
Engine specifications
Description  2 cylinder V 52o 4 stroke liquid cooled SOHC 6V
Displacement 583 cc
Bore x stroke 75 x 66 (x 2) mm
Compression ratio  9.2:1
Max. power (claimed)  50 HP at 8000 rpm
Max. torque (claimed) 5.3 kgm at 6000 rpm
Carburetors 2 Mikuni of 34 mm
Ignition Electronic digital CDI
Starter Electric
Clutch Multiplate in oil



Power and torque curves:




 
Hardware
Chassis double tube steel frame
Geometry  28o 110 mm
Swingarm rectangular steel tube
Front suspension  41/200 mm fork
F. s. adjustable Spring preload and extension
Rear suspension Progressive Pro-Link system, 190 mm shock
R. s. adjustable Spring preload
Front brake two 256 mm disks, 2 parallel caliper
Rear brake one 240 mm disk, single caliper
Tires 90/90 21" (f) 120/90 17" (r)



Dimensions (mm):
Concept mm inch
Length 2265 89.2
Height 1300 51.2
Distance btwn. axes 1505 59.3
Seat height 850 33.5
Handlebar height 1120 44.1
CoG height 310 12.2
Advance 110 4.3
 



 
Other specifications According to SoloMoto mag unless so stated
Dry weight (kg) 189 (real) 196 (claimed)
Weight distribution 48.1% (f) 51.9% (r)
Weight/power ratio 4.13 kg/HP
Fuel capacity 18 litre
Motor oil 2.4 litre SAE 10W40
Cooling system capacity 2.0 litre
Fork oil 549 cc SAE 10
Max. fuel consumption (motorway)  8.2 l/100km = 28.68 mpUSg = 34.45 mpUKg
F.c. at 100-150 km/h 6.7 l/100km = 35.1 mpUSg = 42.16 mpUKg
City f.c. 7.5 l/100km = 31.36 mpUSg = 37.66 mpUKg
Average fuel consumption  7.4 l/100km = 31.78 mpUSg = 38.17 mpUKg
A.f.c. according to me 5.6 l/100km = 42 mpUSg = 50.44 mpUKg
Autonomy 243 km = 151 ml (SM mag) or 321 km = 200 ml (me)


Noise (1994 unit) at 1500 rpm  at 5900 rpm
Exhaust (at 3m) 72.1 dB 86.8 dB
Engine (at 50 cm) 72.3 dB 87.9 dB


Regime, gear and speed

This section consists, basically, of data provided by Trond Mjos Johnsen, from Norway.
Gear Reduction (1) rwr/er (2) m/er (3) er/m (4)
1st 2.57 0.063 0.13 7.83
2nd 1.78 0.091 0.18 5.41
3rd 1.38 0.117 0.24 4.20
4th 1.13 0.143 0.29 3.43
5th 0.96 0.168 0.34 2.93

Notes:
(1) These figures, together with the values for "primary reduction" (1.888) and "final reduction" (3.266) are from Honda's instruction book. I guess 1.888=17/9 , 3.266=49/15 (teeth in wheel sprocket/teeth in front sprocket), and gear reductions are 18/7 , 16/9 , 11/8 , 9/8 , 24/25 .
(2) This stands for rear_wheel_revolutions per engine_revolution . Or 1/(primary_reduction*gear_reduction*final_reduction).
(3) This stands for metres_moved per engine_revolution. It assumes a wheel circumference of 2.025 m. The diameter (mm) of a wheel with a 17" rim and a 130-80 tyre is 17*25.4+130*80/100*2 = 2,010 mm
(4) This stands for engine_revolutions per metre. It is just 1/(3).

Speed (km/h) at regime (rpm)
Gear 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 6000 7000 8000 8500 8700
1st 23.0 26.8 30.7 34.5 38.3 46.0 53.6 61.3 65.1 66.7
2nd 33.3 38.8 44.4 49.9 55.4 66.5 77.6 88.7 94.3 96.5
3rd 42.8 50.0 57.1 64.3 71.4 85.7 99.9 114.2 121.4 124.2
4th 52.5 61.3 70.1 78.8 87.6 105.1 122.6 140.1 148.9 152.4
5th 61.5 71.8 82.0 92.3 102.5 123.0 143.5 164.0 174.3 178.4

Note:
These figures are obtained from the ones in the previous table. So, any change such as in tyre size or number of teeth in sprockets will make them vary accordingly.
Also, due to wheel spin, these figures must be reduced by some 1% per 100 km/h. Acceleration or sliding tarmac increase spin, whereas deceleration reduces it (can even make it become negative). Actual spin ranges between 1% and 5% in most circumstances

Regime (rpm) at speed (km/h)
Gear 50 60 70 80 90 10 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
1st 6524 7829 - - - - - - - - - - -
2nd 4509 5411 6313 7215 8117 - - - - - - - -
3rd 3502 4202 4903 5603 6303 7004 7704 8404 - - - - -
4th 2855 3426 3997 4568 5139 5709 6280 6851 7422 7993 8564 - -
5th 2439 2926 3414 3902 4389 4877 5365 5853 6340 6828 7316 7803 8291



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Last updated: 99/04/23