The Civil War was one of the most important events that took place in Spain during the XX century, between 1936 and 1939. It ended with the victory of the pro-Franco army called Nationals, and the end of the Second Republic .
After the retirement of the Republicans on the front line of Aragon (1937-38), the National troops arrived at the River Ebro, which became the front line for some months. On the 25th July, the Republicans sent a new offensive: crossed the Ebro towards Gandesa; walked through the mountain ranges of Pàndols, Cavalls; some towns like La Fatarella , Vilalba dels Arcs, La Pobla de Massaluca, Mequinenza… . This was really the longest offensive and the most decisive in that Battle . Once this battle was concluded, and after some territorial confrontations around Lleida and Tarragona , the Nationalists breached the front line and advanced towards Barcelona , and was occupied in January of 1939. The fall of Barcelona was the prelude of the total occupation of Catalonia and, consequently, of the end of the war… .
The Centre of Studies of the Battle of the Ebro tries to gather all the factural material so that one can learn what happened during that period, and aboveall, how those men lived during this time. Currently, the centre is incorporating different artifacts, that in greater part, have been found in the area where the conflict took place.
After joining the COMEBE the building in 2010 underwent a thorough restoration has not yet finished to create a new museum space , underlined the central role that Gandesa in the Battle of the Ebro